Inventory of the Rohatyn District in 1725

Inventory of the Rohatyn District in 1725

What follows is a translation of parts of Inwentarz Starostwa Rohatynskiego Miasta y wsiow do niego nalezacych na Gruncie spisany y werifikowany 3 Xbris 1725 ano (Inventory of the town and the villages belonging to [the Rohatyn District], recorded and verified on site on 3rd December, 1725). In addition to providing and interesting inventory of land, buildings, and significant businesses in town, the document also provides a kind of inventory of the town’s property owners, many of whom were Jewish.

 

Rohatyn’s Castle (p. 3)

It is situated near the Fara Church between the earth mounds where the fence is standing with affixed [wooden] shingles; behind the rooms [living quarters] several [fence sections] are missing going from the castle walls behind the bakery and to as far as the city walls. There is an old double gate between the pillars with a wooden bar and iron-made [some locking mechanism]. The old walls are damaged; there is one shop with a simple door made of wooden planks. In these walls are two iron gratings; one of them has horizontal and perpendicular bars, the second is missing horizontal bars. By the [castle] wall a rotten wooden grain storage is situated near the church; the door leading inside are fastened with an iron staple; [inside] there is floor and four divisions for grain storage. The building with the living quarters at the foot of the mound is old with poor roof, at places new shingles have been used for the repairs. The door to the hallway has iron hinges; to the right is a chamber with a carpenter-made door and the handle. Inside, there is green old tiled stove, a simple wardrobe and five windows; one is framed in the wood, the other is half in wood and cotton [insulation]. There is another hallway with a single window, wooden cabinet on a side. The flooring is made of stone, the brick and mortar chimney goes above the roof, green tiled stove sits on the foundation. Few windows have broken glass. There is a good wardrobe made by a carpenter, two tables, four bad stools…To the left, one encounters a big dining chamber. Inside, there is a tiled stove on the foundation. Old tiles and the chimney are white. There are few windows with broken glass, the flooring is made of stone and two benches are placed on both sides. This building needs many repairs.

The building with the bakery and the kitchen is old; the walls near the mound are [partially] buried. At the end of this building there is a cellar, with the steps leading into it. Its walls are made of deal [fir]. In this building, one enters into a large hallway through a door suspended on iron hinges with a wooden handle. In the middle a kitchen stove is noted and above it the chimney is supported by oak pillars. Going to the left is an old wooden bakery, with one window and broken glass. Its stove is black. On the right side is a small room, with a small new tiled stove. It has two windows framed in a wood, a simple wardrobe; the beams are supporting weakened walls, on the side of the church some repairs are visible. Next, there is a small storage space without door. Directly behind the carriage house, there is a new stable. Its pillars are a bit rotten, the double gate is with the locking mechanism. The feeding grooves [for animals] that seen around are in good shape; they are situated behind the stable by the castle fence. A small wicket gate leads toward the church.

Lord’s Brewery (p. 5)

It is located beyond the mound, by the mill and fenced. The door has the lock and bolt. The new large cauldron is from Gdansk; it was purchased by Mr. Rozwadowski for 250 złoty and 5 groszy. There are twenty beer oak tubs (barrels), two other tubs for fruit liquor (barrels), and three other.

Lord’s Winery (p. 5)

It is erected beyond the mound and near the mill, it is constructed of brushwood kept together by clay and covered by shingles. Entering through the door from the direction of the town, there are six stoves (?), trench with oak pipes, and beyond it is a well (more likely water collection), receiving water from the mill. In the winery, there is a small chamber with the door containing a simple tile stove and the second black stove with a vent (?).  There are two windows with the glass broken. Through other door, one enters the hallway in the direction of the mound. Some repairs were carried out there by prior lessees.

Malt House (p. 5)

It was built using a new lumber beyond the Halicz Gate by the river, it is covered by shingles. Entering it from the direction of the town, one passes through the door with the closing mechanism to the large wooden chamber, there is the anteroom with the brushwood and new brick and mortar stove for drying malt. To the left, there is small room that can serve as a living place; the door to the room is in good condition with iron hinges, handle and lock. In this room there is one simple new stove and the fireplace, there are two windows framed in the wood. Next to the left, there is well built wooden storage warehouse.

Obligations of the Burghers from the Old and the New Town (p. 6)

They ought to pay rent of 4 grosz for living on [open land] parcels and for living along the streets. For the huts that are on the mounds and further away, they pay 2 grosz, as specified in the table. The details [also] indicate the obligations of corvée [unpaid labor] toward local mill and toward building of a new pond installation or its repair if damaged by the act of God; if it would become damaged by their incompetence, they ought to pay larger amount, as well as return in labor other obligations according to the ancient customary laws.

The Town of Rohatyn (p. 6)

RYNEK (MARKET PLACE): all names

1. Ciszka Szymonowa widow................... 4 Gr Jewess
2. Mendlicha widow.......................... 4 Gr Jewess
3. Zus Litmanow [1]......................... 4 Gr Jew
4. Moszko Szepteliszyn...................... 4 Gr Jew
5. Empty Parcel Berkiewicz.................. 4 Gr
6. Majer Fajwelowicz........................ 4 Gr Jew
7. Chaim son-in-law of Szepteliszyn......... 4 Gr Jew
8. Empty Parcel Uhlinski.................... 4 Gr 
9. Ankiel Metyszyn [2]...................... 4 Gr Jew
10. Josef Satanowski........................ 4 Gr Jew
11. Moszko Abramahowicz..................... 4 Gr Jew
12. Chaim Danielow.......................... 4 Gr Jew
13. Jos Dawidow............................. 4 Gr Jew
14. Icko Grewnin............................ 4 Gr Jew
15. Sapsa on two parcels [3]................ 8 Gr Jew
16. Lord’s House belonging to a Lessee......
17. Jan Kahurny newcomer construction.......                                        
18. Icko tenement house of the Israelites... 4 Gr Jew
19. Moszko Brzezanski....................... 4 Gr Jew
20. Son-of-law Szulimowicz.................. 4 Gr Jew
21. Woyciech barber......................... 4 Gr 
22. Jos Kamieniecki......................... 4 Gr Jew
23. Mosio Szaiszym.......................... 4 Gr Jew
24. Naftula [4]............................. 4 Gr Jew
25. Wulf, son of Abram Szaiszym............. 4 Gr Jew
26. Golda Hirszowa widow.................... 4 Gr Jewess
27. Chaja Salamonowicz...................... 4 Gr Jew
28. On the Parcel lives Wulf................ 4 Gr Jew
29. Eliasz, Litman’s son-in-law............. 4 Gr Jew
30. Empty Parcel Safianowski................
31. Empty Parcel Icko Szalony...............
32. House Samson Janowicz................... 4 Gr Jew
33. Jankiel Sukiennik....................... 4 Gr Jew
34. Empty Parcel Gierszon Jew............... 4 Gr Jew
35. Moszko Leyzorow......................... 4 Gr Jew
36. Moszko Leyzorow's hut................... 4 Gr Jew
37. Zus Bienkowski.......................... 4 Gr Jew
38. Hirsz for Szulim Jakubowicz............. 4 Gr Jew
39. Rubin Eliaszowicz....................... 4 Gr Jew
40. Iwan Holdon blacksmith.................. 4 Gr 
41. Stefan Holdon blacksmith................ 4 Gr 
42. Empty Parcel Salamon’s..................
43. Szymon son-in-law of Leib............... 4 Gr Jew

LWOWSKA ULICA (LWÓW STREET): Jewish names only of 100 total

1. Szmuylo son-in-law of Szlomo............. 4 Gr Jew
2. Szulim Oronow............................ 4 Gr Jew
3. Szaja in the hut of Czarnopuski.......... 4 Gr Jew
4. Chaim Samborski.......................... 4 Gr Jew
5. Oszur Usciecki........................... 4 Gr Jew
6. Zonwel................................... 4 Gr Jew
7. Icko Kamieniecki......................... 4 Gr Jew
8. Dawidko Wulfow........................... 4 Gr Jew
9. Abram Koniuszecki........................ 4 Gr Jew
10. Szmala Smarkaty Rozdolski............... 4 Gr Jew
11. Szulim son-in-law of Szaj............... 4 Gr Jew
12. Icko Kamieniecki........................ 4 Gr Jew
13. Nuhim Rozdolski......................... 4 Gr Jew
14. Szmuylo Chaim ? on Terlecki’s property.. 4 Gr Jew
15. Jos Malego (Little) Majer............... 4 Gr Jew
16. Jankiesza Dodyszyna widow............... 4 Gr Jewess
17. Jossel Szmuytokowicz.................... 4 Gr Jew
18. Leyzor Bolechowski...................... 4 Gr Jew
19. Leyba Grewnin........................... 4 Gr Jew
20. Moszko Drohobycki burned empty..........
21. Abram Chodorowski....................... 4 Gr Jew
22. Moszczycha Krawczycha widow............. 4 Gr Jew
23. Icko Muzyka............................. 4 Gr Jew
24. Chaim Kramarz........................... 4 Gr Jew

HOUSES SPREAD THROUGHOUT TOWN: Jewish names only

1. Josio Leyzorszo.......................... 4 Gr Jew
2. Hyrsz Mostowy............................ 4 Gr Jew
3. Moszko Jukief barber [5]................. 4 Gr Jew
4. Josel ? Szeptyliszin..................... 4 Gr Jew
5. Szloma Szeptyliszin Szulow............... 4 Gr Jew

SMALL HOUSES ON THE MOUND: Jewish names only of 43 total

1. Hewszczcy son of Ognisty................. 2 Gr Jew
2. Nesalonowa ? widow....................... 2 Gr Jewess
3. Berko son of Oronow...................... 2 Gr Jew
4. Abramkowa widow winery worker............ 2 Gr Jewess
5. Szymon Dobylew........................... 2 Gr Jew
6. Moszkowa Ognista widow................... 2 Gr Jewess
7. Jankiel Markow........................... 2 Gr Jew
8. Ayzyk Rzeznik............................ 2 Gr Jew
9. Hyrsz Kramarz............................ 2 Gr Jew
10. Jankiel Lwowski......................... 2 Gr Jew
11. Litman Zlotnik.......................... 2 Gr Jew
12. Abram Gamleyczyn burned.................
13. Chaim Gamleyczyn........................ 2 Gr Jew
14. Srulowa Gamleyczycka widow.............. 2 Gr Jewess
15. Hyrszko Pikasow......................... 2 Gr Jew
16. Kopel Smusiow........................... 2 Gr Jew
17. Leyba Heysyjow ?........................ 2 Gr Jew
18. Bepol Krawiec........................... 2 Gr Jew
19. Gdalowa’s hut burned....................
20. Majer Szmyciow.......................... 2 Gr Jew
21. Abramka butcher’s daughter.............. 2 Gr Jewess
22. Josio Kuczma............................ 2 Gr Jew
23. Chaja widow midwife..................... 2 Gr Jewess
24. Chaja Hyrszowa.......................... 2 Gr Jewess
25. Icko Beniamin........................... 2 Gr Jew

SERFS IN THE GARDENS [fields] BELONGING TO THE CLERGY OF THE OLD ORTHODOX CHURCH OF THE MOST HOLY LADY OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION PAY ANNUAL RENT OF 2 GROSZ (total 13)
No Jewish names

MUNICIPAL PARCELS OF QUARTER OF LAND MEASURE FROM WHICH TREASURY SHOULD ALWAYS COLLECT 12 GROSZ (total 22)
No Jewish names

PARCELS OF QUARTER OF LAND MEASURE WITH TAXES OVERDUE FOR A LONG TIME, WHICH ARE LEFT IN THE DEPOSIT OF THE CLERGY (total 13)
No Jewish names
The land halls under the authority of the Castle and they belong to the [census] rolls of the district; they themselves remain under legal protection of the Church in order to avoid paying tax on the profit. Hence to punish them, the Castle Authority should take possession of these land parcels and give them to those who pay income tax to the treasure.

EMPTY FIELDS WHERE RENTS ARE PAID ACCORDINGLY
No Jewish names

The Orthodox Priest from the New Town, Father Joannes, [who is] free from rent by the privilege of His Grace.

The New Town (p. 12)

NAMES OF THE BURGHERS OF THE NEW TOWN (total 71)
No Jewish names

HUTS IN THE GARDENS [vegetable fields] (total 16)
No Jewish names

MILLERS
One carries the name Iwas Miller, with a son-of-law, and the other [is called] Piotrowski; they have two mills with five [grinding] stones; they do not record revenues only their lessees pay 10 złoty every quarter for each stone. However, they ought to pay a tithe for the land and the apiary; these millers have also mill’s pond [illegible].

Fields [suitable] for setting apiaries cultivated and empty; those who have apiaries give apiarian tithe and do not pay [rent]; those who do not have apiary ought to pay [rent].
SUMMARIES
– Rents from the burghers’ Houses of the Old and the New Town, Huts on the Mound and in the Garden: 27 Zł 18 Gr
– Rents from Municipal Land: 9 Zł 12 Gr
– From the Municipal Fields and Lord’s Tanneries: 54 Zł 15 Gr
– From Empty Apiary Fields: 26 Zł
– From the Shoemakers, the annual rent: 5 Zł 18 Gr

Notes:

[1] Litman
A ‘faktor’ in Rohatyn in the province belonging to the Sieniawski family. In 1709 during the Adam Śmigielski’s division attack had losses/damages of 500zł (2640, page 559). In 1710 lived in his own house and had tenants, Lwów Jews (Ew. 118A). Probably he was collecting “head” tax on Jews in 1711 and was in trouble because of the difference between the books and the cash.

[2] Metyszyny (Metyszyn) Ankiel, Jankiel (Jąkiel)
A synagogue and kahal representative with city council, members were board members responsible for counting the damages/losses done by Adam Śmigielski’s division in Rohatyn on 13.05.1709 (2640, pages 559-568). He estimated his damages as 935zł (ibidem, page 559). In the tax register, it is noted that he, a house owner, lived with his mother, two house women, a wine producer of unknown name, two servants/farm boys, and ‘szynkarka’ (guesthouse / bar managing lady). It is clear that the house was pretty large and he was a wealthy person.

[3] Sapsa
A lesee in Rohatyn in the province belonging to Adam M. Sieniawski in 1715. Although he already paid taxes for land in Rohatyn in the amount of 100zl, he had to provide proof of checks to the priest of the Rohatyn parish church that he did not have the duty of paying the tax. As a deposit for this, he lost his horse. Eventually the army chief (Hetman) soldiers gave it back to him (5826, number 13743, 10.08.1715, letter of S. Grodzicki to Adam M. Sieniawski).

[4] Nastula (Naftuła)
A citizen of Rohatyn. Firlejów Pond and Ruda Pond lesee in the Rohatyn province – with Hirsz and Abram. They got the lease from Elżbieta Sieniawska on 07.09.1702 for a sum of 8500zł for 3/4 of the year thus this 1703 Pentecost (2581, vol. 2, pages 89-92).

[5] Jukiefowicz Moszko
A barber in Rohatyn in the province belonging to the Sieniawski family in 1725-1728. Son of Jukief (Ew. 118).

Kraków Wawel archive documents acquired by Dr. Alex Feller for the Rohatyn Shtetl Research Group (RSRG). Translation by Dr. Andrew Zalewski.