1945 Soviet Extraordinary State Commission Report on the Rohatyn District

Ця сторінка також доступна українською.

(See also the article on this website about a related Soviet report fragment on victims of German killing and depredation in the city of Rohatyn plus two nearby villages.)

Introduction

From the beginning of World War II in September 1939, under a secret agreement with Nazi Germany, Soviet military and administrative units overran and occupied southeastern Poland, enlarging the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic to incorporate Lviv, Rohatyn, and the rest of former eastern Galicia under Communist rule. After almost two years of Soviet control, in late June 1941Germany broke the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and invaded Soviet-held lands, pushing the Red Army eastward. Rohatyn was occupied by German forces almost immediately, and by early July the crimes which characterized the Holocaust in Rohatyn had begun [1].

Members of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission at an exhumation site near Vinnytsia in west-central Ukraine, in an undated photo. Source: Yad Vashem.

By October 1941, Germany had pushed Soviet forces out of most of Ukraine and were bearing down on western Russia, including Sevastopol and Leningrad (today Saint Petersburg). In November, to evaluate reports of German abuses on the territory of the USSR (which by Soviet claims included the temporarily occupied area around Rohatyn), the Supreme Soviet established an “Extraordinary State Commission” (Чрезвычайная Государственная Комиссия, ЧГК or ChGK) [2] [3] [4] to investigate specific crimes committed by the “German fascist invaders and their accomplices” against people, institutions, and the productivity and economic viability of settlements. The investigative work proceeded through many types of inspection and physical research, including exhumation of graves in some places, plus millions of interrogations/interviews. Summary documentation produced by the Commission led to civil and military trials in recovered Soviet territories from 1943, and formed a significant part of the evidence presented by the USSR at the Nuremburg trials of major war criminals shortly after the war ended in 1945 [5].

Commission investigators and administrators followed the Soviet army as their counteroffensives pushed German forces into retreat following failures in 1943 and 1944; en route the Commission established regional detective organizations and local operational units, and also engaged Soviet security services such as the NKVD [19]. By July 1944, after three years of occupation and the complete destruction of Rohatyn’s Jewish community, Germany ceded control of Rohatyn and the region as the Red Army approached from the east. By December 1944 the Commission was in the city of Rohatyn conducting interviews with several Jewish survivors and Ukrainian witnesses, and with more than a dozen heads of village councils in the Rohatyn district. A key focus of the interrogations aimed to identify the perpetrators of crimes, apparently for further investigation and possible arrests and trials. The commissioners and their teams working in the Rohatyn district completed their report in February of 1945. The detailed original report was not available outside of Soviet archives until after the fall of the Soviet Union, when the file was transferred to the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF) in Moscow and regional archives of the successor states. Archives at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) and at Yad Vashem acquired copies in the 1990s.

Historians have noted a number of issues with the Commission investigations and reports [6], ranging from minor clerical errors to misdirection and/or falsification of some conclusions in order to mask significant Soviet wartime crimes [7] [8] [9]. Reading the report for the Rohatyn district included here highlights the focus of the interrogators to identify German criminals and local people who aided them or who independently committed crimes against people or property – but also the interest of some interrogators to separately identify Ukrainian nationalists who might resist Soviet rule in the newly-expanded Ukrainian SSR. Interrogators uniformly inquire about atrocities committed against “civilians” and “residents”; most of the witnesses in the city of Rohatyn spoke specifically about mass killing actions against Jews, the Jewish people, and “citizens of Jewish nationality”, even when their caution in speaking before police and military officials of the new occupying force is palpable. Many pages of the Rohatyn district report are handwritten and difficult to decipher and transcribe; even the typewritten pages include typographical errors, inconsistent and frequently incorrect spellings of names of people and places, as well as unchecked errors in recorded years and other factual details. The low fluency in the Russian language in rural parts of western Ukraine during the period also likely contributed to confusion during the interrogation and recording process across the district.

Because of these and other issues, we urge caution in taking any of the names, dates, events, and actions described by witnesses and officials in the report as factual and accurate. The interrogators and administrators of this investigation did not attempt to verify any of the testimonies, and we cannot. In particular, to our knowledge none of the accused perpetrators of the crimes described in the report ever stood trial to have those accusations tested in any court.

The Rohatyn District Report

The report transcribed and translated here is GARF record R-7021-73-13, from slightly different copies at the USHMM (from GARF) [10] and Yad Vashem (from DAIFO in Ivano-Frankivsk) [11]. The full report includes about 60 pages of Russian-language text and tables plus more than a dozen unnumbered reverse-side pages. Many of the paper sheets used to record interrogations and other data were the blank sides of prewar local government and business documents. The report includes:

  • Local people near the corpses of relatives shot by Germans, somewhere in Ukraine. Source: Yad Vashem.

    official certification of the report

  • a tabulated summary of the number of civilians shot to death or enslaved (deported to forced labor in Germany), for the city of Rohatyn and 16 district villages
  • a text summary of the four major actions (round-up and killing events) conducted in Rohatyn, with the names of some of the Germans and their accomplices who led the actions
  • a text summary of the duties (required supplies of food, e.g. animals and bread) imposed on villages in the Rohatyn district, plus the arrest and deportation to forced labor in Germany of individual villagers, mostly youth
  • an incomplete list of Germans and local people in the Rohatyn district who committed atrocities (killings and other abuses) or thefts in Rohatyn and its district
  • minutes (protocols) of interrogations of 7 witnesses to the killing actions in Rohatyn (one witness was interrogated twice)
  • minutes of interrogations of 7 village council heads about the abuses and enslavement in their villages
  • a list of individuals arrested and deported to slavery in Germany from villages in the Rohatyn district (the list is included twice, once in Ukrainian language and once in Russian language)
  • a list of individuals shot in villages in the Rohatyn district

Ukrainian women waiting in a camp before being sent to forced labor in Germany, and being photographed for registration before transit. Source: Yad Vashem and Yad Vashem.

As seen in the summary table near the beginning of the report, the vast majority of people shot to death in the Rohatyn district during the German occupation died in the city of Rohatyn, and from witness testimonies those dead were nearly all Jews [20], but this report GARF R-7021-73-13 does not list them. A separate report, now archived as GARF R-7021-73-65 [12], includes a very incomplete list of the Jewish and Ukrainian victims of shootings in Rohatyn (separate lists are given for Rohatyn city and the incorporated village of Babintsi), plus a list of victims in the village of Ruda about 6km north of Rohatyn’s center, but with no associated witness testimony or summaries of any kind. It is unclear why the two reports were filed and archived separately, but it seems likely that the incompleteness of this latter list was due to the huge number of victims and the scarcity of witnesses and survivors who knew them. The Rohatyn District Research Group (a Jewish family history discussion group and website) has published a translated tabulation of the Rohatyn city victim list with complete scan images of this brief separate report [13]; see also the re-translation and interpretation of that report fragment by Rohatyn Jewish Heritage.

Although some Commission investigations of crimes during the German occupation included forensic studies including excavations and exhumations of killing sites and mass graves, sometimes documented with maps and other geographical data, apparently no such studies were conducted in Rohatyn or its district for any of the mass killings of Jews or Ukrainians described by witnesses. Similarly, the report includes no mention of attempts to confirm or deny any statements of the individual witness testimonies, or to reconcile discrepancies between them. A small number of known factual errors remain in the testimonies, based on later research in Rohatyn.

Related Testimonies, Memoirs, and Other Historical Information

Although much of the material in the Commission report for the Rohatyn district is not known in any other source (especially for the wide-ranging abuses by the Germans in villages of the district), many of the details of the deportation and killing actions in the city of Rohatyn have been documented in personal histories, memoirs, and oral testimonies of witnesses and especially of Jewish survivors of the ghetto in Rohatyn; hundreds of pages of recollections and dozens of videos have been recorded [14]. However, the Jewish and Ukrainian witness interrogations included in the Commission report are particularly valuable for study of the Holocaust in Rohatyn because they were conducted only half a year after the German retreat out of the city, while recollections were still raw and before the history could become story. The interrogations were conducted by military detectives, and witnesses were sworn against false testimony under threat of punishment.

Where a witness interrogated for the Commission report also wrote a later history for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (1962) [15] (and the edited and expanded version published as Remembering Rohatyn (2015 and 2019) [16]) or for a personal memoir, those later texts are listed and linked below at the top of the witness record. Many of the Jewish survivors and Ukrainian witnesses in Rohatyn were not interrogated by the Commission, so their experiences were not published until later – often decades later.

Researching the Report

Initial research for Rohatyn Jewish Heritage (RJH) to identify and copy the relevant film images of the Commission report for the Rohatyn district was done by Dr. Amber Nickell [17] at the USHMM in 2019; Dr. Nickell also advised us on other research avenues in the USHMM catalog and in regional archives in Ukraine. A second set of images from the Yad Vashem document collections was provided to us by staff members of Yahad – In Unum [17], a genocide investigation and education NGO based in France. The two source image sets differed in completeness and quality; one image set was filmed with the report bound, the other unbound (as loose paper report sheets). The better images between the two sets were then digitally adjusted for legibility by Jay Osborn.

RJH team member Vasyl Yuzyshyn transcribed the Russian and Ukrainian texts, both typewritten and handwritten, to digital documents. Jay and Vasyl together made English translations of the report pages, and Vasyl made Ukrainian translations of the pages for the parallel article. Marla Raucher Osborn edited the final draft of this article [21].

Apart from the table header at the top of this page, no original scan images or excerpts are shown here, as RJH did not request publication permission from GARF. However, our page-by-page Russian transcripts are linked to the relevant translated sections in English below.

All original text and tables are in Russian language except where noted otherwise. Signatures on the original pages are indicated here in {curly brackets}. Text and numbers which are illegible in the original images are indicated by <***>. Added annotations (not in the original report) at the beginning of some sections to explain our inserted symbols and to provide context from other sources are indicated in italics. Where personal names and place names are known to us in Ukrainian language, transliteration is made here by us using the official Ukrainian system for romanization of characters, from the 2010 Resolution no. 55 of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine; some names may appear strange to readers familiar with older systems.

See the Sources section at the bottom of this page for footnotes and general references to the introductory sections above.



Cover and Title

p.c1

Materials of the Investigations of the Districts

1. Rohatyn
2. Obertyn
3. Kolomyia
Stanislaviv oblast

State Archive of the Russian Federation [GARF]:
Fond number R-7021
Inventory number 73
File number 13

p.c2

Material:
Investigation of atrocities by the German fascists and their accomplices in the Rohatyn district of Stanislaviv oblast


Contents

p.01

REGISTER
of certificates of established atrocities committed against the citizens of the USSR
by the German Nazi criminals in the Rohatyn district

No   NAME of the village councils that have drawn up acts    Certificates    Pages
 1   Rohatyn                                                       1           2
 2   Rohatyn                                                       2           2

Chairman of the District Commission {Signature}
[Stamp (in Ukranian): Executive Committee of the Stanislaviv Oblast Rada – Workers’ Deputies].


Table: Number of Atrocities Committed, by City and Village

Note: The village listed as Holodivka in this summary table in the original report has since changed name to Lukovyshche. The village listed as Dobryniv was mis-written in the original summary table but is correctly written in the full testimony in the body of the report, below.

p.01a

General information about the atrocities committed against the citizens of the USSR by the German fascist criminals and their accomplices. For the Rohatyn district of Stanislaviv region.

No.Name of City or Village# Shot# Hung# Torture Death# Bomb DeathTotal Civilian DeathsTotal POW DeathsTotal Arrested, Beaten, Abused# Forced to Slavery, from Testimony# Forced to Slavery, from Records 
1Rohatyn City98009800
2Melna11118053
3Vyspa101019
4Dychky5543
5Liubsha445353
6Zalaniv3392
7Yahlush2237
8Perenivka227
9Potik99160
10Dolyniany65
11Pidbiria30
12Dehova33
13Zhovchiv131131
14Holodivka*13
15Dobryniv*87
16Fraha40
17Stratyn107
TOTALS98469846424830

Responsible Secretary of the Regional Commission {Glushchenko}


Declaration No. 1

p.02

February 17, 1945. We are the members of the commission, consisting of: the Chairman of the Commission, Andrei Avksentievich; Deputy Commissioner and Secretary of the District Committee of the KPBU, Reshetilov Roman Matveyevich; Chairman of the District Executive Committee, Krasnikov Andrei Grigorievich; District Prosecutor and Head of the NKVD, Smirnov Andrian Aleksandrovich; Secretary of the Commission and head of the Department of Education of the Rohatyn district, Gvosdik Semyon Savvich.

We drew up a register of atrocities of the German fascist invaders and their accomplices in the city of Rohatyn.

On the basis of the testimonies and protocols which are attached to the register, the fascist invaders and their accomplices made four acts of murder of the local population in Rohatyn.

The first action was carried out on March 20, 1942. The Germans organized a Jewish pogrom on March 20, 1942 together with the traitors working in their institutions – Ukrainians. On that day, around 3000 Jewish people were removed from the ghetto and taken to the square where under Soviet rule the monument to Lenin was erected. They were held with their heads down from 8 am to 2 pm in minus 4~5°C frost and then taken by trucks to the prepared pit near the railway station, where they were all shot, and small children were thrown alive into the pit. At this first time about 3000 people were shot and buried. (Witness testimony of Khader Rina Abramovna.)

p.02r

The second action was carried out on September 21 and 22, 1942. This time the Germans took 1000 people from the ghetto; 300 people were killed near the hospital, 700 were sent by train to Bełżec, where they were electrocuted.

The third action took place on December 8, 1942, when 1400 people were led to the train, stripped naked and taken away again to Bełżec. On the same day, 500 people were shot in the ghetto and buried near the hospital.

The fourth action was carried out on June 6, 1943, the so-called liquidation action. According to the testimony of Tsilia Blekh, about 6000 people were shot at that time.

During the four actions about 12 thousand residents were taken and killed. While compiling this register, lists of the dead were given which were far from exact, because the population was taken from the whole district and from other districts of Burshtyn and Bukachivtsi, who were not known by their name, only by their characteristics.

Active participants in the actions mentioned were:
1. Miller – German commandant for the Stanislaviv region
2. District commissars – Kokhel, Pirl, Eser

The accomplices were: the wife of the lawyer Stryiski, Markovsky, Pylat Stepan, Rzeszkowiak, Styceniuk, Stryiski (lawyer), Onufryk Piotr (doctor), Cetinekaya, Lohuteva, Budzinski (commandant of the action), Konopada (deputy commandant).

p.03

After the actions, all above left with the Germans.

Ilkiv Ivan lives on Zavoda Street and previously work in a bakery, currently working in a flour mill in the city of Rohatyn.

This is what the present register is made about.

Signatures of the members of the commission:
1. Chairman of the Commission {Signature}
2. Members of the Commission {Signature}
3. Secretary of the Commission {Signature}

Executive Committee of the Rohatyn District Council of Workers’ Deputies.
Leadership:
Chairman of the Executive Committee {signature}
Secretary of the Executive Committee {signature}
February 18, 1945.

The act is registered in the deed book under the number 419 of February 18, 1945. Secretary of the Executive Committee.

[Stamp (in Ukranian): Executive Committee of the Stanislaviv Oblast Rada – Workers’ Deputies]. {signature}


Declaration No. 2

p.04

February 17, 1945, we the undersigned members of the Commission: Kozuberda Andrei Avksentievich, Secretary of the District Party Committee; Deputy Chairman of the Commission and Chairman of the Executive Committee, Reshetilo Roman Matveyevich; members Krasnikov Andrei Grigorievich, prosecutor of the Rohatyn District; Smirnov Andrian Alexandrovich, Head of the NKVD; Commission Secretary Gvozdik Semyon Savvich, Head of the Rohatyn District Department of Public Education; compiled this certificate on the basis of testimony.

The materials and protocols demonstrate that the German fascist invaders began at first to impose heavy and unbearable taxes on the population, taking away bread, working cattle, horses, bulls, and cows. For not complying with the taxes and not going to work offered by German invaders, they began to take the population into slavery.

Testimonies of witnesses confirm that mostly young people were taken into German slavery. According to the information at the disposal of investigative authorities, 886 people were taken to Germany and 29 were killed.

The District Commissars Kokhel, Eser and Pirl, with the help of the Gestapo and their accomplices, were engaged in German slavery.

p.04r

The materials of the inquiry are attached. This is what the present act is about. Signed by the members of the commission.
Chairman of the commission {Signature}
Commission members {Signature}

Secretary of the Commission {Signature}

The Executive Committee of the Rohatyn District Council of Workers’ Deputies is administering this act.

Chairman of the Executive Committee {Signature}
Secretary of the Executive Committee {Signature}
February 17, 1945
This act is registered in the book of deeds as No. 420 on February 18, 1945.

Secretary of the Executive Committee {Signature}

[Stamp (in Ukrainian): Executive Committee of the Stanislaviv Oblast Rada – Workers’ Deputies].


List: German Fascist Occupiers and Their Accomplices Who Committed Atrocities in the Rohatyn District

Note: The term Totor marked with a question mark (?) in the table below is transliterated from the original Russian тотор but is not meaningfully translated to English or Ukrainian; the term is not used elsewhere in the report. The term Posadnyk and marked with an asterisk (*) is transliterated from the original Russian посадник; the word exists as a historical term in East Slavic lands but carries a somewhat different meaning in this context. We are informed by Anatolii Podolskyi, director of the Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, that during the German occupation of Distrikt Galizien and other western Ukrainian territories, the term “Posadnyk” was used to designate one or more heads of local city administrations, installed and controlled by the Germans, with power and responsibility to persecute Jews and others, destroy the ghetto, etc., and report to the occupiers. Examples of wartime records with the term “Posadnyk” used for this type of official include at Lviv and Lutsk.

Note also that this table is incomplete both in the cells shown here and because it omits many of the names given in the witness interrogations below.

p.05

Of the German fascist occupiers and their accomplices who committed atrocities, robberies, and destruction In the temporarily occupied territory of the USSR: Rohatyn District.

No.Surname, Name
& Patronymic
NationalityMilitary Rank
& Position
Name of
Military Unit
or Organization
Characteristics
of Crimes
Role in the CrimesNumber
and Date
By Whom
the Record
was Recorded
 
1Kokhel, T.GermanDistrict CommissionerShooting of CiviliansLead
2TytChief of GendarmesLeader of Shooting
3LuhushUkrainianGendarmePosadnyk*Posadnyk*
4Pylat, StepanUkrainianTotor?Posadnyk*Posadnyk*
5MarkovskyUkrainianTotor?Posadnyk*Posadnyk*
6BudinskyUkrainianTotor?Posadnyk*Posadnyk*
7KonopadaUkrainianTotor?Leader of Action

Interrogation of the Witness: Rina Abramovna Khader 

Note: The witness named here as Rina Abramovna Khader later wrote about her experiences for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“From Hiding Place to Hiding Place”; see p.250~276), also included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.320~335). In those texts she is called Rivka Hader and by her later married name, Regina Hader Rock.

p.06

Minutes

Interrogation of the witness Khader Rina Abramovna. Born in 1920 in the village of Pidkamin, Rohatyn district. Resident of the city of Rohatyn.

Liability for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. The witness was warned. {Rina Khader}

Question: During the German occupation of Rohatyn, where did you live?

Answer: From 1941 until July, 1943 I lived in Rohatyn, and later when the German occupation was over I again lived in the city of Rohatyn. I lived in Rohatyn, but then when I was in the city it became impossible for me as a Jewess to hide from the German monsters. I fled from Rohatyn to the village of Pidkamin, where I hid for 14 months.

Question: What do you know about the atrocities committed by the Germans and their accomplices against the civilians of the Rohatyn district?

Answer: I know that the entire Jewish population of the Rohatyn district was grouped together into the …

{Rina Khader}

p.07

… so-called Ghetto. At the beginning of 1942, the Jews of Burshtyn, Bukachivtsi and Bilshivtsi were included. All in all, up to 10,000 Jews were rounded up.

On March 20, 1942, the Germans together with the traitors who worked in their institutions – the Ukrainians – carried out a Jewish pogrom.

On that day, they took about 3,000 Jews from the Ghetto to the square where under the Soviet regime the monument to Lenin was placed, and from 8 am to 2 pm, when it was 4~5 degrees below zero, they held them with their heads down, and then took them in trucks to the pits prepared beforehand near the railway station, where they shot them all and threw the little children into the pit alive. At this time, 3000 Jewish people were shot and buried alive.

{Rina Khader}

p.08

In September 1942 the Germans carried out the second action. On that day they took 1,800 Jews from the Ghetto and took them to the camp in Bełżec, where they burned them by means of an electric furnace.

In December 1942, the third action against Jews was carried out. This time, with the help of Ukrainians, they took up to 2000 Jews and took them by train to the camp in Bełżec and there they were exterminated.

In July 1943, the so-called liquidation action was carried out, where the remaining Jews were exterminated. And this time they shot about 3,000 of the Jewish people. And they buried them near the district hospital, towards the village of Potik.

In addition, there were so-called local actions where Germans went door to door and killed sick and elderly Jews.

{Rina Khader}

p.09

So for the entire period of the German occupation about 10,000 Jewish people were killed, including the Jews of Burshtyn, Bukachivtsi and Bilshivtsi. I cannot say exactly how many were killed in the Rohatyn district separately. But about half of the Jews were from Rohatyn.

Question: Can you tell us who you know of the participants in the brutal shooting of civilians in the Rohatyn district?

Answer: Of the participants in the brutal extermination of the peaceful population of the Rohatyn district, I know the following persons:

1. Muryn (?), his first name and patronymic I do not know, an employee of the Ukrainian Committee, a commandant of the city of Rohatyn; he escaped with the Germans.
2. Melnyk – a doctor. He worked in the Ukrainian Committee in the military department, and he was arrested by the NKVD.

{Rina Khader}

p.10

3. Stryisky – a lawyer, worked in the Council; he escaped with the Germans.
4. Stryiska – the lawyer’s wife, worked as a deputy of District Commissioner.
5. Herman – Chief of the Gestapo of Ternopil
6. Miller – from the Gestapo of Ternopil

I do not know anyone else.

Written down from my words correctly, read to me. I signed my name on it. {Rina Khader}

Interrogator: Chief of the <***> NKVD. {Signature}


Interrogation of the Witness: Onufry Ivanovych Brodoviy (First Testimony)

Note: This is one of two testimonies made by Onufry Ivanovych Brodoviy (the second is below); there is no explanation in the report why he was interrogated twice. Onufry Brodoviy was the father of Ivan Brodoviy, who met in Rohatyn in 2017 with the daughter of a Jewish survivor of the Rohatyn ghetto; Ivan’s uncle Panteleimon (Panko) Brodoviy had helped this survivor and others to survive in the basement of a German administration building on the main street in Rohatyn during the occupation. This episode of the war was also remembered by Yehoshua P. Spiegel in the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“The Story of a Bunker”; see p.321), and included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.338~339).

p.11

Minutes

Interrogation of the witness Brodoviy Onufry Ivanovych, born in 1896. Born in the village of Babukhiv, Burshtyn district. Worked as a heater operator for the District Executive Committee of Rohatyn District.

The witness was warned about the responsibility for giving false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Brodoviy}

Question: Tell us – what do you know about the atrocities committed by the Germans against the peaceful population of the Rohatyn district?

Answer: I know that in April or May of 1944 Germans caught 22 Ukrainians – supporters of the Soviet power, brought them on Tserkovna Street, there they all were shot and buried on the Jewish cemetery.

{Brodoviy}

p.12

Question: Can you name the Ukrainians shot by the Germans?

Answer: I cannot name the executed by name, as I do not know any of them, but I briefly saw the executed when the brutal murder had already been carried out on them, i.e. the shooting.

Question: Who was involved in the brutal shootings and murders of innocent Soviet citizens?

Answer: The most important person in the brutal murder of Soviet citizens is Miller, the German commandant of the Gestapo of the Stanislaviv region.
The commissar of the city of Rohatyn: Kokhel, Pirl, Eser.
Stryiska – wife of the lawyer Stryisky (left for Germany).
Markovsky – employee of the District Works Department. (left with the Germans).

{Borodoviy}

p.13

Pylat Stefan – worked in the District Works Department as a Personnel Secretary (left with the Germans).
Rzeszczkowiak – an administrator in the District Works Department <***> (left with the Germans).
Stytseniuk – worker of the district administration, head of the military department (fled with the Germans).
Stryiski – lawyer, took part in the beginning and then withdrew (fled with the Germans).
Onufryk Petro – doctor, took part in the beginning and then withdrew (fled with the Germans).
Budinsky Yuzik – commandant of the action (fled with the Germans).
Konopada – Deputy Commandant of the action (fled with the Germans). His wife lives in Rohatyn on Red Army Street, near the Jewish school.

{Borodoviy}

p.14

Question: Apart from the Ukrainians, did the Germans shoot anyone in the Rohatyn district?

Answer: In addition to 22 Ukrainians, I know of actions, i.e. shootings of the Jewish population. There were six such actions with a total of about 6,000 Jews shot.

I cannot characterize each action separately, because we were not allowed close to the Ghetto and I do not remember the time of year when the actions were held.

It was written from my words correctly, I read it and signed my name on it. {Borodoviy}

Question: Tell me where is the cemetery of buried Jews [who were shot by the Germans]?

p.14r

Answer: One cemetery is behind the district hospital, where more than 3,000 people are buried.

The second cemetery is near the Ukrainian cemetery in the direction of the village of Putiatyntsi, near the railway station, where about 700 people are buried.

Besides that, Germans were taking the dead bodies by train but I don’t know where they went. {Borodoviy}

Interrogated by: the head of the <***>.
{Signatures}
8 January 1945


Interrogation of the Witness: Tsilia Israelovna Blekh

Note: The witness named here as Tsilia Israelovna Blekh later wrote about her experiences for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“Rohatyn During the Occupation Years”; see p.222~228), also included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.299~305). In those texts she is called Cyla Blech; the text was written with her husband Aryeh Blech.

p.15

Minutes

Interrogation of Blekh Tsilia Israelovna, born 1913. Born in and living in the city of Rohatyn. Works in Ukrainian Poultry Organization.

Blekh was warned of the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Blekh}

Question: What do you know about the atrocities committed by the Germans against the peaceful population of the Rohatyn district?

Answer: Living during the occupation of Rohatyn, I know that with the arrival of the Germans, the head of the district, which included the city Rohatyn, the priest Teleschuk was the first to issue the requirement for the Jewish population to wear white armbands (to distinguish them from the others). That a ghetto should be organized for the Jews.

At Teleschuk’s order…
{Blekh}

p.16

…the ghetto for Jews was organized at the beginning of August 1941. And all the Jews of the Rohatyn district (about 3,500 people) and refugee Jews (about 3,000 people) were grouped in the Ghetto. And in 1942 from the cities Burshtyn and Bukachivtsi were also brought into the Ghetto about 5,000 Jewish people.

The Germans made the first pogrom on the Jews on March 20, 1942, where they shot 3,000 Jewish people. And buried them in 2 pits near the railway station in the direction of the village of Putiatyntsi.

The second action of extermination of the Jews was carried out on September 21~22, 1942. This time the Germans took 1,000 Jewish people from the Ghetto. Of these, 300 were shot and buried near the district hospital, and 700 were placed in railway carriages and sent to Bełżec, where with the use of electricity, they were exterminated.

{Blekh}

p.17

The 3rd liquidation of the Jewish population was carried out by the Germans on December 8, 1942. This time the Germans sent 1,400 Jews to Bełżec by train (before loading them, all were stripped of clothing), where they were killed, and 500 people were shot near the ghetto and buried also near the district hospital.

The 4th so-called liquidation action was carried out by the Germans on July 6, 1943. This time and subsequent times during the local actions about 6,000 people of the Jews were shot. And all of them were buried near the district hospital.

So during the period of the domination of the Germans in the Rohatyn district they exterminated about 12,000 peaceful people of the Jewish nationality.

Question: Can you name the persons known to you – participants and accomplices of the brutal shooting and killing of the peaceful inhabitants of the Rohatyn district?

{Blekh}

p.18

Answer: Among the participants of the brutal shooting of civilians in the Rohatyn district I know the following people:

1. Stryiska (the wife of the lawyer Stryiski) – worked in the for the Deputy District Commissar (fled with the Germans).
2. Hrabova – a pharmacy worker (fled with the Germans).
3. Hrabov – where he worked I do not know (fled with the Germans).
4. Budinsky (Volksdeutsche – worked as the head of the store for the sale of Jewish things (fled with the Germans).
5. Konopada – worked in the store, Budinsky’s assistant. At present he is in the city of Gdynia, Poland.
6. Ilkiv Ivan – lives and works on Zavoda Street. Helped the Germans to identify the Jews in the period of the actions.
7. Hebe – worked in a bakery, currently works in a flour mill in Rohatyn as a laborer. He helped to identify Jews during the actions and bullied them.

{Blekh}

p.19

8. Hervinski Stefan – is currently working as a blacksmith, helped to identify Jews during the actions and personally killed one Jew himself (Brodbar Rubin), and took his gold things and money from him.
9. Baliuk – the wife of a watchmaker, gave up Jews to the Germans. Perovna can confirm this? Works in the fruit-growing area.

Written down correctly from my words, it was read to me and I signed it. {Blekh}

Interrogated by: Head of the <***>.
9 January 1945


Interrogation of the Witness: Roza Aronovna Bal

Note: The witness named here as Roza Aronovna Bal later wrote about her experiences for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“The Community of Rohatyn Destroyed”; see p.213~215), also included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.287~290). In those texts she is called by her married name, Rachel NasHofer; the text was written with her husband Moshe NasHofer (see below).

p.20

Minutes of interrogation.

January 11, 1945, to the investigator of the Prosecutor’s Office of Rohatyn District of Stanislaviv Region, Kalyatin, questioned as a witness Bal Roza Aronovna, born in 1918, a native of the village of Nyzhnia Lypytsia, Bilshivtsi District, Stanislaviv oblast, a craftswoman, Jewish, a member of the collegium, education 7 years. During the occupation, lived in the city of Rohatyn, no criminal record (self-declared), at present she works in the hospital in Rohatyn as a nurse. She now lives in the city of Rohatyn on Red Army Street at house No. 3.

She was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Bal}

On the merits of the case she explained:

After the German occupiers came to Rohatyn, they called all Jewish men to the synagogue, where they were robbed of their valuables, which were taken away by District Commissar Kokhel, with the help of the Ukrainian National Militia under the command of Lieutenant Bachynski.

After a while they gathered all the former Soviet servicemen in one room and beat them up for 18 days, and then took them to court, and after the trial some of them remained and some were gradually released, but about 70 people were killed.

At the time of the first gathering of the Jews in the synagogue an offer was made to ransom the Jews who were in the synagogue, to fill the synagogue with food, clothing, and valuables worth 750,000 rubles. And 750,000 rubles were surrendered in silver Polish money, which was paid on the same day and by a certain hour.

On March 20, 1942 the first Jewish pogrom was carried out in Rohatyn, during which about 3,500 Jews were killed in Rohatyn outside the city near the old brick factory on the road towards Putiatyntsi. Before the execution all were stripped naked and put on a bridge above the pit and shot, all the above 3,500 people were residents of Rohatyn and refugees to Rohatyn since 1939 from other places.

Around August 20, 1942, a second pogrom was organized against the Jews, during which about 1,500 people were sent by railroad in the direction of Bełżec, and what happened to them after is not known, as none of them survived.

{Bal}

p.20r

Before the third pogrom of Jews, all the remaining Jews of the Burshtyn district, Bilshivtsi district, and Bukachivtsi district were transported to Rohatyn to the Jewish quarter – the ghetto. On December 8, 1942, a third pogrom was carried out, during which about 2,200 people were transported by railroad in the direction of Bełżec, but no one knows what happened to them.

The last liquidation of the Jewish pogrom was carried out on June 6th, 1943, when about 2,500 people were killed and they were taken out behind the Rohatyn hospital to the brick factory where they were shot naked in the pits which were prepared beforehand.

The total number of Jews killed during the period of the German occupation in Rohatyn was about 10,000 people, of whom the inhabitants of Rohatyn themselves were more than 3,200 people.

I can explain nothing more, everything is written from my words correctly, it was read out to me. {Bal}

The investigator of the prosecutor’s office of Rohatyn district. {Signature}


Atrocities in the Village of Potik

p.21

Minutes of interrogation

1945 February 17 in the city of Rohatyn. I, detective of Rohatyn, Militia Lieutenant of State Security Service Katlov interrogated as a witness: Mandziy Petr Ivanovych, born in 1893, a native of the village of Chesnyky, a resident of the village of Potik, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, from the peasantry, without party, 4 classes of education at a rural school, married, no criminal record (self-declared).

He was warned of the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Mandziy}

Question: Please tell us about the atrocities and murders committed by the German fascist invaders during the German occupation of the village of Potik.

Answer: With the arrival of the German fascist invaders, a new order of enslavement and destruction of the Russian and Ukrainian people was established.

They imposed on the peasants unbearable duties of supply of meat, eggs, milk, bread.

The peasants were brutally treated. During the occupation of the village they took 160 people, mostly youths, to hard labor in Germany.

They took from the peasants 600 head of cattle and small grazing animals, 120 horses, 25 pigs.

The German fascist invaders burned 20 farms with buildings. 19 farms were damaged, 5 persons were killed.

Of the family of Andriy Belin, 4 people were brutally murdered.

The premises and equipment of the school and the clubhouse were completely destroyed.

The protocol was written down from my words and it was read aloud to me and I signed it. {Mandzii}

Interrogated by the commissioner of Rohatyn, the Militia Lieutenant of State Security. {Katlov}


Atrocities in the Village of Melna

p.22

Minutes of interrogation

I, the officer in charge of the Rohatyn District, Lieutenant Katlov, interrogated as a witness on February 17, 1945:

Senyshchyn Kondrat Yosipovych, born in 1896, a native and resident of the village of Melna, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, of peasant origin, Ukrainian, non-party, education 4 classes of rural school, works as chairman of the village council, married, no criminal record (self-declared).

Senyshchyn was warned of his responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Senyshchyn}

Question: Could you tell us about the atrocities and murders committed by the German fascist invaders in the village of Melna, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast?

Answer: From the first days of the German occupation of the village of Melna, a hard life for the peasants began. The Germans imposed on the peasants an unbearable supply of meat, eggs, milk and bread.

During the occupation, about 80 people were forcibly taken away to Germany, primarily young people, Komsomol members, and the children of poor people.

The German fascist invaders brutally tortured peaceful citizens, they killed in the village of Melna about 10 people.

The property of the village club was completely destroyed. Children were deprived of education.
The room and inventory with <***> certificates were destroyed. The building was reduced to 70% useless.

During the occupation period the German fascist invaders took away from the peasants small and large herd animals about 150 head, and 15 horses.

The protocol was written down from my words and properly read aloud to me, and I signed my name on it.

{Senyshchyn}

Interrogated by {Katlov}


Atrocities in the Village of Putiatyntsi

p.23

Minutes of interrogation

February 17, 1945, in Rohatyn, I, the officer in charge of the Rohatyn district, Lieutenant Katlov, interrogated as a witness:

Pasnak Vasyl Ivanovych, born in 1903, a native and resident of the village of Putiatyntsi, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, of peasant origin, Ukrainian, non-party, education two classes of rural school, works as chairman of the village council, no criminal record (self-declared).

Pasnak was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Pasnak}

Question: Tell us in detail what you know about the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders, and the murders they committed in the village of Putiatyntsi, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast.

Answer: From the first days of the arrival of the German fascist invaders in the village of Putyatintsi the Germans appointed the village head.

During the German occupation of the village about 100 people were sent to hard labor in Germany, mostly young Komsomol members and the poorest young people. The deportation to Germany was in groups.

The fascist invaders took 350-400 cattle and small horned herd animals, 20 pigs, and 80 horses from the village of Putyatintsi.

The property of the village school and the village clubhouse was completely destroyed.

The distillery was also destroyed by 80%.

The buildings of landlord Tarasevych with his property were completely destroyed.

The property of collective farm Shevchenko, including agricultural property as well as cattle, were taken by the Germans to Germany.

{Pasnak}

p.23r

Question: What can you add to your testimony?

Answer: I can’t add anything else. The report is written down from my words and read out loud to me, and I signed my name on it. {Pasnak}

Recorded by the police officer of the district, Militia Lieutenant of the State Security Service.


Atrocities in the Village of Dobryniv

p.24

Minutes of interrogation

February 17, 1945, in Rohatyn, I, detective officer of the Rohatyn district, Lieutenant Katlov, interrogated as a witness:

Yurkiv Vasyl Andreevych, born in 1903, a native and resident of the village of Dobryniv, by birth from peasants, Ukrainian, non-party, education 4 classes of rural school, works as chairman of the village council in Dobryniv, married, no criminal record (self-declared).

Yurkiv was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Yurkiv}

Question: Could you please tell us in detail about the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and the murders they committed in the village of Dobryniv, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast?

Answer: With the arrival of the German fascist invaders in the village of Dobryniv in Rohatyn district, on the first day a religious festival (divine service) was organized in honor of the independence of Ukraine, after which a village headman Fedun Ivan was elected. From that moment the German invaders took free reign in the village of Dobryniv.

During the time of German occupation in the village of Dobryniv about 100 people were taken away into German slavery.

The young men and women, who worked actively in the village during the Soviet time for strengthening the might of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, were taken away to Germany: the members of the Komsomol and the poorest young people. The selection was made by the head of the village, the German headman Fedun.

So it happened in the last days of July 1944, the punitive detachment of the German fascist invaders in the village of Dobryniv captured about 40 men and they were taken to Germany.

Regarding the robbery of peaceful civilians it is necessary to mention that the fascist invaders robbed the peasants, so that 200 head of horned and small cattle were taken away.

{Yurkiv}

p.24r

The German fascist invaders completely destroyed the property of the village club, school, and village council. The farm, house, and buildings of Fedun Hayevki were burned.

Question: Were any Ukrainians shot by the Germans?

Answer: No one from the village of Dobryniv was shot by the Germans.

Question: What else can you add to your testimony?

Answer: It is necessary to add that from the first days of the occupation of the village of Dobryniv I was personally arrested as the chairman of the village council, then I was brutally tortured and beaten. I was under arrest for two days.

The report is written down from my own words correctly. It was read aloud to me and I signed it. {Yurkiv}

Interrogated by the detective of Rohatyn, Militia Lieutenant of State Security
{Katlov}


Atrocities in the Village of Liubsha

p.25

Minutes of interrogation

1945 February 17, in the city of Rohatyn. I, the officer-in-charge of the Rohatyn district, Lieutenant Colonel Katlov, interrogated as a witness:

Heneha Semen Maksimovych, born in 1903, a native of the village of Dehova, a resident of the village of Liubsha of Rohatyn district of Stanislaviv oblast, by birth from peasants, Ukrainian, non-party, education 4 classes of rural school, works as chairman of the village council in Liubsha, married, no criminal record (self-declared).

Heneha was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Heneha}

Question: Could you tell us in detail about the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and the murders they committed in the village of Liubsha, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast?

Answer: From the first days of the German occupation of the village of Liubsha Germans began to impose their orders, appointed the village head, imposed on the peasants nearly impossible duties of supply of eggs, milk, meat and bread.

During the period of reign of the Germans, there were sent to hard labor in Germany 53 persons, mostly the youth, Komsomol members, and children of the poor.

About 35 head of cattle and small herd animals were taken from the peasants.

The premises and property of the village club were destroyed.

Children were deprived of schooling.

This protocol was written down for me and correctly read out loud to me, and I have signed my name on it.

{Heneha}


Atrocities in the Village of Zhovchiv

p.26

Minutes of interrogation

1945, February 17, the city of Rohatyn. I, the detective officer of the Rohatyn district, Lieutenant Katlov of the State Security Service, questioned as a witness:

The witness was Makohin Fedor Mykolaievych, born in 1901, a native of and a resident of the village of Zhovchiv, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, a peasant by birth, Ukrainian, non-party, 4 classes of rural school, worked as the chairman of the village council, married, no criminal record (self-declared).

Makohin was warned about his responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Makohin}

Question: Could you tell us in detail about the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and the murders they committed in the village of Zhovchiv, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast?

Answer: From the first day the German invaders came to the village of Zhovchiv, the Germans took the Jews, took their horses and looted their property. In total there were three Jewish families in the village.

Families, who were on the collective farm, were completely deprived of the right to use the land, all of their grain was taken away, and delivery of bread to the Germans was imposed.

During the period of the German control in the village of Zhovchiv they forced 131 persons to go to work in hard labor in Germany, mostly the youth, Komsomol members, and children of poor kolkhoz families.

People were rounded up in night raids by the police and the Germans, then were taken to Rohatyn under escort. These people were killed on the way.

Deportation to hard labor took place three times during the occupation in the same manner.

All the buildings of the collective farm were completely destroyed by German fascist invaders. Every day, agricultural draft equipment and animals were moved to Germany.

{Makohin}

p.26r

The property of the village club and school were completely destroyed, and on the premises of the club the German fascist invaders made a workshop for repairing cars.

The school building was used as a hospital, and children were completely deprived of education.

About 200 head of cattle and small herd animals were confiscated from the peasants, and they were forced to supply eggs, milk, and meat to the Germans.

Activists of the Soviet power Belas Mykhail Vasylevych, a collective farmer, and Yatskiv Fedor Mikhailovych, a former deputy of the collective farm, were subjected to brutal beatings and torture as activists.

Question: What else can you add to your testimony?

Answer: I have nothing more to add. The record was read aloud from my own words, and I signed it.

{Makohin}

Interrogated by the representative of Rohatyn Militia State Security Lieutenant. {Katlov}


Atrocities in the Village of Uyizd

p.27

Minutes of interrogation

1945, February 17, in Rohatyn. I, the detective officer of the Rohatyn district, Militia Lieutenant of the State Security Service, Katlov, questioned as a witness:

Stetskiv Fedor Mikhailovych, born in 1912, a native of and resident of the village of Uyizd, Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, a peasant, Ukrainian, non-party, education six classes of rural school, chairman of the village council, no criminal record (self-declared), married.

Stetskiv was warned of his responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR. {Stetskiv}

Question: Could you tell us about the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and the murders they committed during the German occupation of the village of Uyizd?

Answer: From the first days of the occupation of the village Uyizd by the German fascist invaders, the Germans began imposing their brutal orders, imposed unbearable duties of meat, milk and eggs on the peasants.

They started terrorizing and plundering civilians.

So, during the occupation of the village about 90 people – mainly the youth – were taken away to hard labor in Germany.

They took from the peasants 130 head of cattle and large herd animals, 18 horses, 20 pigs. The village clubhouse property was destroyed by 50%, the school was ruined by 60%. Children were deprived of education.

These minutes were written from my words and read out loud to me, and I signed. {Stetskiv}

Interrogated by: Commissioner in Rohatyn, Militia Lieutenant of State Security {Katlov}


Interrogation of the Witness: Anton Ivanovych Zayets

p.28

Minutes of interrogation

The city of Rohatyn, January 12, 1945. I am Militia Lieutenant Detective of the Rohatyn district of the N.K.G.B. Kuksov. Having interrogated for this record:

Zayets Anton Ivanovych, born in 1899, a native of the village of Shybalyn, Berezhany district of Ternopil oblast in Ukraine, not educated, married, not in service, from poor peasants.

On responsibility for false testimony under Article 89 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. USSR. Warned: {Zayets Anton Ivanovych}

Question: Where did you live during the German occupation of Rohatyn?

Answer: During the German occupation of the city of Rohatyn by the Germans I also lived in Rohatyn, and worked as a street cleaner at the Rohatyn town council.

Question: Have you been exposed to any repression activities on the part of German fascist authorities?

Answer: I was not exposed to any repression by the German fascist authorities.

Question: What do you know about the atrocities committed by the German occupiers during their stay on …

p.28r

… Soviet soil?

Answer: With the arrival of the German fascist troops in the Rohatyn district in 1941, not <***> 5 months of stay in the city, not a single grocery store worked where you could get at least a minimum food ration. Citizens working in German organizations – also the case with earnings <***>, as a result of which many citizens were living in poor conditions.

Many people lost their ability to work, and refused to go to work, for which they were beaten until they passed out, and were arrested for not obeying the German authorities.

German military officers who were in Rohatyn created incredible circumstances and barbarized the peaceful population. They entered peasants’ houses without saying a word, took away everything they liked, and if people said anything to them they were tortured.

There were cases when German soldiers came to the market and took away food from the inhabitants: meat, sugar, bread and poultry. If the people refused, they were beaten with rifle stocks, and if they resisted, they were punished with rifle stocks.

p.29

Around the beginning of February 1942, a lot of German Gestapo punitive workers arrived in Rohatyn. In the second year of the Gestapo’s presence in the city, the first action of extermination of citizens of the Jewish nationality began in Rohatyn. On the night of 19 March 1942, the city was surrounded, and the punitive forces of the Gestapo police and the Gendarmerie carried out mass arrests and detentions of Jews, all of whom were sent to the market square where they laid them in the snow, despite their youth and old age.

When 250 or 300 people came to the market square, they were put in cars assembled at the market, and driven to the railway station of Rohatyn. Those who did not want to get into the cars were beaten or simply shot on the spot by the punitive policemen. When they came in carts, they were picked up and driven to the cemetery, where they shot those who were driven there.

By the end of the day, around ten groups of 250 or 300 people were taken from the market square to the pit where they were shot. All in all, about 2500-3000 people were shot on 19 March 1942 alone.

The pit over which the citizens of Jewish nationality were shot was made by the Jews themselves before the first occupation. When the Jews were digging this pit, what they were told by the German soldiers and the workers of the German punitive bodies was that they were digging the pit to install an oil storage base and when the pit was dug all the diggers were shot.

p.29r

All of the belongings of the executed Jews were collected by the German authorities and sent to the specially equipped store in the building of the Jewish prayer hall, from where they were taken to the workers of Nazi Germany and to the German Volksdeutsche employees.

The second action of extermination of Jews took place in August 1942. In this action, just like the previous one, the city was surrounded by German soldiers; workers of the punitive bodies detained and arrested everyone who was confined there, they were taken to the Ukrainian church, where they were searched in groups of about 60-80 people and then sent to the railway station, where they were put into the railway cars and sent to Khodoriv in the Drohobych oblast.

The second action lasted for three days during which several thousand citizens of Jewish nationality were detained and sent to the depths of Germany.

The third action of extermination of citizens of Jewish nationality was carried out in the spring of 1943, which was carried out over ten months. During this time the German fascist executioners arrested and executed about seven thousand Jews. All of the detained civilians were first sent to a ghetto (German camp for the Jews) from where on the second to the fourth day they were sent to be shot. All of the Jewish families who were shot are located in a field behind the Rohatyn district hospital, in the place where they used to mine and process the materials for whitewashing and repairing houses.

Question: Who are the known residents of Rohatyn who took part in the shooting of Jewish citizens?

p.30

Answer: I know the following persons who took part in the shooting of citizens of Jewish nationality;

1) Bachynski (I do not know his patronymic), 50 years old, whose place of birth is also unknown, worked as a commandant of the German-Ukrainian police stationed in the building of the military registration and enlistment office. Bachynski together with his subordinate policemen arrested and robbed not only Jewish citizens, but also other innocent citizens. After the retreat of the German forces in August 1944, Bachynski fled together with the German forces, where he is currently I do not know.

2) Sheremeta (I do not know his patronymic) was 45-48 years old, he was born in Chesnyky, of nationality Ukrainian, of unknown party, from middle peasantry. He worked as a deputy commandant of the Ukrainian police in Rohatyn city. As a deputy commandant he rudely treated the peaceful population. Together with German soldiers he conducted arrests and robbed the peaceful population, and took part in shootings of citizens of Jewish nationality. When the Germans retreated, he fled together with German troops. I do not know where he is now.

p.30r

3) Bronislav Konopada (I do not know his patronymic), 43 years old, a native of Rohatyn. Rohatyn Ukrainian without party from peasants or serfs or kulaks, under the Germans he took German citizenship as “Volksdeutsche” and then took the post of head of the store where Jewish things and furniture were sold. Konopada cooperated with the German Gestapo punitive body. He suppressed the enemies of the German authorities, and he also took an active part in the execution of citizens of Jewish nationality. When the German troops retreated, Konopada fled together with them, and where he is now I do not know.

4) <***> Budzinsky (patronymic unknown), 46-48 years old, a native of Rohatyn, Ukrainian, literate, received German citizenship under the Germans as “Volksdeutsche” and was put to work in the store selling goods to the Jews. While working in the store, Budzinski took an active part in the shooting of Jewish citizens, <***> when the shooting was carried out, he ordered everyone to take off their clothes, even to their undershirts. When the German troops retreated, Budzinski fled together with them, where he is now is unknown.

p.31

Question: Who among the inhabitants of Rohatyn worked in the German punitive authorities, as Gestapo police, Gendarmerie, and others?

Answer: I do not know who of the residents of Rohatyn worked in the punitive bodies.

Question: Who had contacts with the punitive bodies?

Answer: I do not know who among the residents of Rohatyn had contacts with the German punitive bodies.

Question: What about citizens of Polish nationality who were hostile to the Ukrainian people and worked in German organizations and institutions?

Answer: I do not know anything about citizens of Polish nationality hostile to the Ukrainian people and working in German institutions.

Question: What do you know about persons who belonged to Ukrainian nationalists currently working in the Soviet apparatus?

p.31r

Answer: I am not aware of any such persons.

Question: What can you add to your testimony?

Answer: I can’t add anything to my testimony, it was written down from my words correctly and read aloud to me, and I signed my name.

Questioned by the detective officer of the R.NKGB, Militia Lieutenant for State Security


Interrogation of the Witness: Herman Solomonovych Wohl

Note: The witness named here as Herman Solomonovych Wohl later wrote about his experiences for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“The Destruction of Rohatyn”; see p.234~238), also included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.306~310). In those texts he is called Tzvi Wohl. Part of his survivor story is recorded at Yad Vashem with that of the Righteous Gentiles who sheltered him and his fiancée at their farm and in the forest. In 1999, Wohl’s daughter Marta gave a speech about her experience traveling in 1998 to Rohatyn with her mother and brother to the burial sites monuments dedication ceremony; that speech is included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.529~535). In 2021 a genealogical research article in Gesher Galicia’s quarterly journal [22] provided more information about Wohl’s biography including his wartime experience, and verified his true birth year as 1914.

p.32

Minutes of interrogation

On the 11th day of January 1945, the investigator of the Rohatyn district prosecutor’s office, Stanislaviv oblast, Kalitin, questioned as a witness Wohl Herman Solomonovych. Born in 1906, a native of Rohatyn, Rohatyn district of Stanislaviv oblast, from a workers family, in service, a Jew, educated to higher pedagogical work, <***>, no criminal record (self-declared). During the occupation he lived in Rohatyn, where he did not work, but hid. At the moment he is working as the manager of the regional office “Soyuzutil”, living in Rohatyn on Piotr Skarga street house No. 2.

He was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. {Wohl Herman Solomonovych.}

On the merits of the case he said:

Upon the arrival of the German invaders in Rohatyn in 1941, District Commissar Kokhel arrived, who issued several decrees on the subject of Jewish life in Rohatyn. The first order was to separate the Jews from the general population to the so-called Jewish quarter, which occupied the living area – in the streets Rynok, Tserkovna, Ivan Franko, Stalamova, Torgova, Kupeleva(?), and Nove misto. This entire Jewish quarter was surrounded by the Jews themselves by a fence and was guarded by the local police, Jews could live only in this quarter, but walking around the city was allowed.

On the second day after the German invaders came, District Commissar Kokhel ordered the Jews to be assembled in the synagogue – the Jewish synagogue, where about 500 people were gathered and locked in the synagogue. They offered a ransom of 1.5 million Polish silver coins, and then, when 750,000 rubles were collected in money, the Jews offered to give the remaining 750,000 rubles worth in goods (linen, dishes, bedding and manufactured goods), which was carried out by the Jews on the same day and the hostages were released from the synagogue.

After a while there was an order from Kokhel that all Jews, unlike other nations, had to wear a white armband with a six-pointed star on the left sleeve and an inscription on the armband that read Jude, meaning Jew, and a Jewish Ghetto was formed, and from the Ghetto all Jews were forbidden to go into town, the workers who had to go to work would line up in the morning in a column and go in formation.

{Wohl Herman Solomonovych}

p.32r

They dispersed to work, the remaining Jews were allowed once a week on market day to go out into town for 3 hours, after 3 hours if the Jews were delayed, they were beaten and chased into the Jewish quarter, the so-called Ghetto.

After these orders there was the following order on the Jews: all Jews were required to surrender their warm fur clothing including collars, hats, boots, and fur mittens. There was also a provisions action in January 1942, when from the homes of the Jewish population of Rohatyn were taken all available edibles, which were collected in three wagons. And finally all the Jews who did not surrender non-ferrous metal were threatened with death, and all brass things including door knobs were collected.

After this, Benkovsky and Tsikhotsky were ordered to force Jews to dig two huge pits behind Rohatyn on the road to Putiatyntsi near an old brick barn, and on March 20, 1942 the first pogrom of Rohatyn Jews was carried out. This pogrom was led by Gestapo Commandant of Stanislaviv, Major Krieger, with the help of the Ukrainian National Police led by Lieutenant Bachynski.

At 9:30 a.m. the Jewish quarter was surrounded and the Jews were driven out of there and gathered at the market in Rohatyn, put face down on the ground, forbidding them to lift their heads. The police and four machine guns surrounded the place and then they began loading the Jews into 12 cars which took them to an old brick factory out of the city, where two pits were prepared. There they stripped everyone naked, lined them up on the bridge above the pit and shot them. In this way they killed 3,500 people until 7 pm Moscow time on March 20. From the pits after 7 pm up to 60 injured people got out. On the third day, on March 23, 1942 one carload of quicklime was taken to the pits, this lime was poured over the dead bodies and they poured water on them. On the next day after the execution of Jews the liquidators came to the Jewish quarter and took away all the things of the killed Jews as well as the rest of the Jews.

In the spring of 1942, typhus spread among the remaining Jewish population, so the Germans opened a Jewish hospital where they took typhus patients and forced Jewish doctors to keep the patients in the hospital without medication. In the course of the typhus disease the Germans broke into the hospital twice and killed all the patients, doctors and attendants, thus over 350 Jews were killed.

Around August 20th, 1942 they organized a second pogrom on the Jews. In order to put them into wagons for transportation, they were lined up in the Jewish quarter and under strict escort they were taken to Rohatyn station, where about 1500 people were put into the wagons and taken toward Bełżec, where they were electrocuted like animals and the remains were thrown into the river near the slaughterhouse.

{Herman Solomonovych Wohl}

p.33

After the second pogrom of Rohatyn’s Jews, all surviving Jews from Burshtyn district, Bilshivtsi district and Bukachivtsi district were moved to Rohatyn to the Jewish quarter. And Rohatyn city was annexed to the Ternopil administrative service.

The third Jewish pogrom was carried out on December 8th, 1942, where as in the previous pogroms, about 1,500 Jews of all ages were rounded up in the Jewish quarter, put into wagons and sent towards Bełżec. During this roundup and dispatch about 200 Jews were killed in the streets and in houses, mostly children and elderly people.

Liquidation of the Jewish quarter or the so-called Ghetto took place on June 6, 1943. Before the liquidation of Jews, they were forced to dig several pits behind the Rohatyn hospital near the brickyard, where they shot the remaining Jews, so that by this way, within a few days they executed over 2,500 Jews.

The liquidation of the Jewish quarter was supervised by Gestapo Commandant Major Miller, who came from Ternopil, with lawyer Lex, Kokhel was the District Commissar in Rohatyn. The pogroms of Jews in Rohatyn were carried out by the Gendarmerie. The Rohatyn Gendarmerie was led by Tyt, the National Ukrainian Militia led by Bachynski, with other militia participants Cherevaty from Putiatyntsi, Dzera from Zaluzhzhia, Teleshchuk from Zhovchiv. Sheremet Vasyl is the secretary of the militia, from Chesnyky. Ivanishko, Konopada, Fedyk, Hrok, and Budzinski from Rohatyn helped out.

They worked during the German occupation and helped to kill the Jewish people of Rohatyn and its district.

Pirih worked as head of the city council. Hrytsai, who worked as the district head and assistant to Commissar Kokhel, Mikhail Sheremeta – intercessor and city police deputy commandant.

Teleshchuk from Potik worked as a head of the Ukrainian Self-Government Committee, at present he works as a priest in the village of Potik, Rohatyn District.

The National Ukrainian Committee of independent Ukraine was composed of: Mrs. Stryiska, Mr. Melnyk, Hrav, Pylat, Kazhibek(?), and others – a total of 24 people who traveled to Kraków in 1941 to the Congress and there they decided to have an independant Ukraine without Jews, which is where the Jewish pogroms began.

I cannot explain anything else, everything is written down from my words correctly and read to me. {Wohl Herman Solomonovych}

Investigator {signature}


Interrogation of the Witness: Moses Samoilovych Nashofer

Note: The witness named here as Moses Samoilovych Nashofer later wrote about his experiences for the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (“The Community of Rohatyn Destroyed”; see p.213~215), also included in Remembering Rohatyn (see p.287~290). In those texts he is called Moshe NasHofer; the text was written with his wife Rachel NasHofer, née Bal (see above).

p.34

Minutes of interrogation

January 10, 1945, Investigator of the Rohatyn District Prosecutor’s Office in Stanislaviv oblast, Kalitin, questioned as a witness Nashofer Moses Samoilovych, born in 1906, a native and resident of Rohatyn, Rohatyn District, Stanislaviv oblast, a servant, a Jew, a BT, a citizen of the USSR, no criminal record (self-declared), widower, caring for a son of 11 years. During the occupation he lived and worked in Rohatyn, at the present time working as the manager of the inter-district poultry industry Zahotkontoroy, he lives in Rohatyn on Red Army Street, house No. 35.

He was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR.

{Nashofer Moses Samoilovych}

On the merits of the case he explained:

On March 20, 1942, at 9:30 a.m. in Rohatyn, by order of the commandant of the Gestapo from Stanislaviv, Major Krieger, there was a round-up in the Rohatyn Jewish quarter about 3,000 people of all ages, from small children to the elderly, who were taken in the direction of the highway to Putiatyntsi and shot in two pits near the brick factory. Of all those shot, 1820 people were registered in the Jewish department, and about 1200 people were not registered anywhere, but collected in the Jewish quarter, in the process of assembling Jews in Rohatyn. In Rohatyn in the Jewish quarter about 1000 Jews were killed in the streets and in the houses, mostly children and old people. The pogrom did not end until 7 p.m. on March 20, 1942 Moscow time.

The shooting, catching and taking of Jews to the place of the murder was done on the orders of Major Krieger, and the chief of the Ukrainian National Militia in Rohatyn, Lieutenant Bachynski, who was the organizer of the Ukrainian National Militia in Rohatyn when the Germans came. This Bachynski is a native of Cherche village in the Rohatyn District, Stanislaviv oblast, who before the war worked in the national Ukrainian gymnasium as a professor in Rohatyn.

On the next day, after the pogrom, the remaining Jews were gathering and burying the bodies of Jews who had been killed, until March 26, 1942. Major Krieger and Lieutenant Bachynski had instructed the remaining Jews to gather and bury the dead.

{Nashofer Moses Samoilovych}

p.34r

On September 22, 1942 a second pogrom was organized against the Jews by the commandant of Gestapo in Ternopil, Major Miller, who came and brought with him Lex who worked as a lawyer in Berlin. During two days, about 200 Jews were released from those arrested for a huge ransom, and the rest, about 800 Jews, were taken by the railroad towards Bełżec, where in the forest at the so-called “site of two Jews” they were killed or something else I do not know.

During the second pogrom about 200 people were killed in the streets, mostly children and old people. It was allowed for the remaining Jews to bury the bodies of the killed.

The pogrom on the Jews in Rohatyn was carried out by the Ukrainian National Militia under the leadership of Lieutenant Bachynski, and by the Gendarmerie under the command of Lieutenant Tyt, commandant of the Gendarmerie of Rohatyn.

On December 8th, 1942, the third pogrom against the Jews was organized. Around 1,300 Jews of all ages were caught and taken away to the forest in “the place of two Jews” near the town of Bełżec. 250-300 of them were killed in the streets and in houses of the Jewish quarter, just like during the previous pogroms.

The third pogrom was carried out by the commandant of the Gestapo in Ternopil, Major Miller, in the presence of lawyer Lex, with Lieutenant Bachynski – the chief of the Ukrainian National Police, and Lieutenant Tyt – commandant of the Gendarmerie in Rohatyn.

On their way towards Bełżec, Roza Bal and Bernat Tesler escaped from the wagons and survived, and are now living in Rohatyn.

On June 6th, 1944, the Jewish quarter of Rohatyn was liquidated and the Jewish population of Rohatyn was murdered. During that time about 2,500 people of all ages were murdered in Rohatyn in the area behind the hospital below a hill, in one pit.

This work was carried out by the commandant of the Gestapo in Stanislaviv, Major Krieger, in the presence of the Gestapo chief’s intercessor in Ternopil <***> Lex, the chief of the Ukrainian police Lieutenant Bachynski, and the chief of the Gendarmerie in Rohatyn Lieutenant Tyt.

Of all the Jews who were killed during the period of the German occupation, 3257 Rohatyn residents were killed, 25 survived, while the total number of Rohatyn residents, according to the list for 1939, was 3282 Jews.

The rest of the killed Jews had been exiled to Rohatyn in the Jewish quarter from the Burshtyn district, the Bilshivtsi district, the Bukachivtsi district, in total about 6000 people.

{Nashofer Moses Samoilovych}

Prosecutor’s Office Investigator.


Interrogation of the Witness: Onufry Ivanovych Brodoviy (Second Testimony)

Note: This is one of two testimonies made by Onufry Ivanovych Brodoviy (the first is above). See the additional notes about this witness and his brother at the top of the first testimony.

p.35

Minutes of interrogation

On the 12th day of January, 1945, the investigator of the prosecutor’s office of Rohatyn district, Stanislaviv oblast, Kalitin, interrogated as a witness Borodoviy Onufry Ivanovych, born in 1896, a native of Babukhiv village, Burshtyn district, Stanislaviv oblast. Working class, Ukrainian, BT, uneducated, no criminal record (self-declared), married, citizen of the Soviet Union. During the occupation, I lived and worked in the town of Rohatyn as a heater operator, at the moment I am working in the same heating facility in the office of the District Administration Committee of the Rohatyn district. I live in Red Army Street house No. 66.

He was warned about the responsibility for false testimony under article 89 of the Criminal Code of the Ukrainian SSR.

{Borodoviy}

On the merits of the case he explained:

After the German occupants came to Rohatyn, the German authorities formed a Jewish quarter in Rohatyn, the so-called Ghetto. And around this ghetto there was a wire fence which was guarded from outside by the national Ukrainian militia, the Jews were forbidden to go out of this ghetto. At first, once per week they were allowed to go out, and then they forbade the Jews to go into the city at all.

In the first pogrom, which was on March 20, 1942 from 9:30 am to 7 pm Moscow time, about 3,500 Jewish people of Rohatyn were killed. They were killed in two pits prepared in advance, which earlier <***> Jews; these pits are located behind Babintsi near the brick plant in the direction of the road to Putiatyntsi.

All of the operations of taking objects and valuables from the killed and surviving Jews were carried out by Budinsky – Konopada. He was appointed by Kokhel as his deputy for the liquidation of the Jewish population, and Budinsky’s deputy was Konopada, who carried out the plundering of the Jewish population in Rohatyn.

The second and third pogroms of Jews took place when I was there, but I do not remember exactly how many Jews were killed, not only from Rohatyn but also from other places. They put them in wagons and took them away towards Bełżec, and I do not remember what happened to them either.

{Borodoviy}

p.35r

The liquidation of the Jewish population in Rohatyn was carried out by Major Miller. He worked for the Gestapo in Ternopil who gathered all the living Jews who were in the Ghetto in the market square, then drove them out behind the hospital and shot them in pits prepared in advance, near the brick factory. And how many were killed at that time, it is impossible to establish, but about 2,500 people, and later they also killed in small batches of 30 to 100 people, I do not know how many times, but not one or two times.

After the Jews were beaten all their goods were looted by the local population and the German criminals and liquidators.

The German occupants were assisted in the destruction of the Jewish population by Lohush-Tsipinsky, Pylat Stepan, Stetseniuk, Markovsky, Zhichinsky the engineer, all of whom are residents of Rohatyn.

In addition, Mrs. Stryiska, Kokhel’s secretary, was mocking the Jews, ordering every day objects or things – once Stryiska ordered the Jews to make a golden handle for an umbrella, then another time she ordered them to make a silver table set of 24 pieces, then she ordered them to make an Astrakhan fur coat, etc. All these orders were promptly carried out by the Jews in order to keep themselves alive.

I can’t explain anything else, everything is written down from my words correctly and read to me. {Borodoviy}

Investigator of the Prosecutor’s Office in Rohatyn District {Signature}


Tables: Accounting of the People Killed and Deported into Slavery In Germany
as Reported by Village Councils in the Rohatyn District

Note: No deportations were reported in the tables detailed here or in the summary table at the beginning of the report of people from the city of Rohatyn or the village of Potik. Apparent errors in the original material are indicated here with an asterisk (*). Uncertain info due to legibility problems are indicated with a question mark (?).

p.36 [in Ukrainian language].

No.Surname, Name, PatronymicYear BornSexWhere & When KilledDeported to GermanyVillage
1Rak Vasyl Mykhailovych1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
2Biliak Marta Onufriivna1905FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
3Biliak Lyka Markovych1920MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
4Mykolyshyn Ruzka Yarem.1900FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
5Mykolyshyn Panko Romanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
6Mykolyshyn Ivan Romanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
7Mykolyshyn Stepan Romanovych1935MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
8Herletskyi Petro Sem.1922MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
9Sapira Panko Dmytrov.1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
10Atamaniuk Feska Semen.1914FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
11Mykolyshyn Vasyl Oleks.MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
12Buniak Iryna Yaremivna1897FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
13Buniak Yatsko Zakharevych1921MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
14Buniak Malania Zakharevych1925FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
15Buniak Fed Zakharevych1927MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
16Sabkiv Vasyl Adamovych1900MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
17Zapotichnyi Ivan Pylypovych1921MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
18Zapotichnyi Havrylo Danylovych1912MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
19Zapotichnyi Doska Fedorivna1910FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
20Buniak Paska Yurkivna1905FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
21Buniak Pavlina Yurkivna1925FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
22Zapotichnyi Zakharko Panakh1907MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
23Zapotichnyi Paska Yurkivna1900FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
24Zapotichnyi Panko Yurkivych1920MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
25Zapotichnyi Vasyl Zakharevych1936MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
27*Kymchyshyn Mykhailo Stakh.1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
28Khamevko Mykhailo Klym.1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
29Lavriv Sen Yakymovych1910MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
30Masnyi Mykhailo Pankov.1914MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
31Deiva Mykhailo Andriiev.1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
32Kuchak Yustyna Pavlivna1905FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
33Kruchak Mariia Yurkivna1925FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
34Havor Barbara Matviivna1925FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
35Havor Mykola Matviievych1930MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
36Kruchok Maksym Yurkovych1912MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
37Kruchok Mariia Tananivna1923FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
38Dzyba Mykola Federovych1925MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
39Mykolyshyn Panko Dmytr.1911MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
40Mykolyshyn Yosyp Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
40*Bach Feska Markivna1919FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
41Lavriv Pylyp Stepanov.1921MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
42Babiy Sen1925MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
43Babiy Sabina1927FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
44Romankiv Mykhailo Pylyp.1914MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
45Babiy Anna Fedorivna1926FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
46Bilohan Panko Yosypovych1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
47Harasymiv Mykhailo Danyl.1920MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
48Kuzenko Fed Romanov.1906MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
49Kuzenko Zofia Lukiianivna1917FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
50Harasymiv Paranka Zakhar.1937?FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
51Harasymiv Mykola Zakharovych192?MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
52Bilohan Anna Mykhailivna1924FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
53Komar Stepan Kuzmovych1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
54Komar Oleksa Martynovych1903MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
55Dzyba Sen1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
56Kuzyk Dmytro Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
57Mykolyshyn Iva Hryhorov.1924M*Deported to GermanyDolyniany
58Havor Matvyi1924MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
59Motolokha Mykola Ivanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
60Lavriv Yavdokha Matviivka1900FDeported to GermanyDolyniany
61Biliak Tymko Borysovych1909MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
62Drahanchyk Mykhailo Prokop1912MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
63Pavlyshyn Matvyi Onufriiev1913MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
64Kardash Mykhailo Lukiianovych1912MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
65Bilinskyi Ivan Prokopovych1913MDeported to GermanyDolyniany
66Buntsyk Hryhorii Vasylevych1920MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
67Kasper Ivan Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
68Chayka Anna Vasylivna1926FDeported to GermanyPidbiria
69Loyko Mykhailo Andriievych1915MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
70Dropka Andrii Fedorovych1921MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
71Rybak Dmytro1928MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
72Vovchak Vasyl Ivanovych1910MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
73Efinovych Mykhailo Oleksiievych1900MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
74Horin Fed Ivanovych1910MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
75Dron Yosyf Stakhovych1894MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
76Vyshyvanyi Mykola1914MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
77Budnyk Yosyf Marianovych1917MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
78Loyko Kateryna Ivanivna1924FDeported to GermanyPidbiria
79Herezovska Arafia Petrivna1924FDeported to GermanyPidbiria
80Henkivska Khema1923FDeported to GermanyPidbiria
81Horin Petro Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
83*Horin Vasyl Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
84Manchuk Vasyl Mykolaievych1926MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
85Aftanasiv Ivan Ivanovych1910MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
86Mykolaychuk Andrii1912MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
87Dropka Vasyl1923MDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
88Perepichka Mykhailo1924MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
89Vitvitskyi Mykhailo1926MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
90Pidhaynyi Mykhailo1920MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
91Mamchuk Vasyl Hryhorovych1914MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
92Drapka Vasyl Ivanovych1921MDeported to Germany 1944Pidbiria
93Fatsiievych Olena1924FDeported to Germany 1942Pidbiria
94Belskyi Vasyl1920MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
95Korolyshyn Vasyl1921MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
96Moda Mykola1914MDeported to GermanyPidbiria
97Rabiy Ivan Yakubovych1907MDeported to GermanyDehova
98Kitseniuk Mykhailo Hryhorovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
99Kitseniuk Mariia Hryhorivna1927FDeported to GermanyDehova
100Demkiv Mariia Andriivna1916FDeported to GermanyDehova
101? Vasyl Yosypovych1924MDeported to GermanyDehova
102Marunchak Mykhailo Ivanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
103Ducheminskyi Volodymyr Stakhovych1922MDeported to GermanyDehova
104Heneha Barbara Vasylivna1925FDeported to GermanyDehova
105Borodenko Ivan Sapkovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
106Heneha Ivan Kankovych1925MDeported to GermanyDehova
107Heneha Mykola Kankovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
108Yazlovetskyi Volodymyr StepaMDeported to GermanyDehova
109Malofin Luka FedorovychMDeported to GermanyDehova
110Hrushka Ivan Mykytovych1929MDeported to GermanyDehova
111Sopkiv Stepan Petrovych1926MDeported to GermanyDehova
112Shymanskyi Stepan1908MDeported to GermanyDehova
113Malynovskyi Volodymyr1912MDeported to GermanyDehova
114Marunchak Volodymyr1920MDeported to GermanyDehova
115Heneha Stepan Andriiovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
116Marunchak Stepan Avhustyn1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
117Pryshliak Kornel Mykhailovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
118Bilinskyi Petro Ivanovych1915MDeported to GermanyDehova
119Heneha Hryts Stepanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDehova
120Marunchak Mariia Fedorivna1923FDeported to GermanyDehova
121Heneha Volodymyr Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyDehova
122Marunchak Kyrylo Kyrylovych1930MDeported to GermanyDehova
123Zapotichnyi Volodymyr1920MDeported to GermanyDehova
124Zapotichnyi Stepan Petrov1922MDeported to GermanyDehova
125Marunchak Mykhailo1908MDeported to GermanyDehova
126Holinovych Ivan Vasylovych1926MDeported to GermanyDehova
127Pilot Fed Ilkovych1897MDeported to GermanyDehova
128Savka Pavlo Ilkovych1918MDeported to GermanyDehova
129Havrys Stakh Yosypovych1905MDeported to GermanyDehova
130Zapotichnyi Mykola Vasylovych1902MDeported to Germany 07Jul1944Zhovchiv
131Plekan Mykola Petrovych1932MDeported to Germany 16Jun1944Zhovchiv
132Plekan Ivan Hryhorovych1902MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
133Makohin Dmytro Mykolaievych1904MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
134Shaletskyi Ivan1905MDeported to Germany 07Jul1944Zhovchiv
135Pakula Fedir Dmytrovych1905MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
136Kubarych Ivan Andriiovych1905MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
137Mahmet Ivan Mykhailovych1906MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
138Petriv Mykola Maksymovych1906MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
139Padchak Mykola Mykolaievych1906MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
140Kubarych Fedir Andriiovych1907MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
141Burka Dmytro Karlovych1907MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
142Petrivskyi Stepan Dmytrovych1907MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
143Sudor Mykhailo Ivanovych1907MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
144Makohin Oleksa Mykolaievych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
145Yatskiv Vasyl Pylypovych1908MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
146Harakevych Stepan Hnatovych1908MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
147Hnylytsia Stepan Onufriievych1908MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
148Burka Yaroslav Ivanovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
149Chachun Ivan Fedorovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
150Blahyi Vasyl Mykhailovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
151Mashtalir Hryhorii Mykolayovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
152Vichkovskyi Volodymyr Hnatovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
153Kubarych Dmytro Andriiovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
154Burka Petro Hryhorovych1909MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
155Buryi Fedit Mykhailovych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
156Makota Volodymyr Onufriievych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
157Sanahurskyi Ivan Vasylovych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
158Kovalyshyn Mykola Mykhailovych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
159Makohin Andrii Mykolaievych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
160Haraskevych Mykhailo Semenovych1910MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
161Romaniv Stepan Fedorovych1911MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
162Petrovskyi Mykola Dmytrovych1911MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
163Dovhan Ivan Petrovych1911MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
164Haluha Petro Hryhorovych1911MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
165Kubarych Mykhailo Dmytrovych1911MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
166Sanahurskyi Fedir Ilkovych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
167Petriv Dmytro Maksymovych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
168Sudor Ivan Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
169Padnak Petro Mykolaievych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
170Petryshyn Petro Mykolaievych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
171Makohin Fedir Stepanovych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
172Polovyi Tymko Mykolaievych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
173Chupryna Stepan Oleksievych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
174Petryshyn Ivan Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
175Kubarych Dmytro Andriievych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
176Nachyn Stepan Fedorovych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
177Mahmet Volodymyr Andriievych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
178Bilyk Volodymyr Yustynovych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
179Hrynak Vasyl Fedorovych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
180Fedkiv Mykhailo Dmytrovych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
181Mahmet Volodymyr Vasylovych1914MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
182Pannak Petro Pylypovych1914MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
183Sapahurskyi Mykhailo Prokopovych1914MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
184Hnylytsia Mykhailo Fedorovych1917MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
185Burka Vasyl Ilkovych1915MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
186Tutskyi Petro Ivanovych1915MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
187Kubarych Petro Andriiovych1915MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
188Petryshyn Ivan Mykolaievych1915MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
189Frich Volodymyr Frankovych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
190Romaniv Fedir Fedorovych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
191Kabarych Mykhailo Andriievych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
192Nyshchyk Petro Yosypovych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
193Haluha Vasyl Mykytovych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
194Dovhan Prokyp Mykolaievych1921MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
195Makohin Dmytro Vasylovych1921MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
196Dukh Volodymyr Dmytrovych1921MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
197Pidzhak Hrynko1921MDeported to Germany 1944Zhovchiv
198Pakula Andrii Dmytrovych1921MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
199Parukhuts Ivan Vasylovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
200Kubarych Mykhailo Andriiovych1932MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
201Burka Dmytro Ivanovych1932MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
202Muzyka Mykola Andriievych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
203Makohin Stepan Hryhorovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
204Andrusin Stepan Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
205Dybyk Vasyl Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
206Padchak Dmytro Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
207Mahmet Stepan Yosypovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
208Makula Roman Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
209Haluha Ivan Mykytovych1922MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
210Chachkun Mykhailo Stepanovych1924MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
211Vychkovskyi Petro Yakubovych1924MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
212Makohin Fed Vasylovych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
213Bodnar Mykhailo Mykolaievych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
214Yatskiv Roman Dmytrovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
215Mahmet Petro Mykhailovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
216Burka Vasyl Vasylovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
217Petryshyn Dmytro Mykolaievych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
218Sanahurskyi Dmytro Mykhailovych1926MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
219Andrusiv Vasyl Dmytrovych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
220Yatskiv Hrynko Maksymovych1926MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
221Hryvnak Fedir1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
222Pelkshak Stepan Mykhailovych1921MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
223Burka Petro Tymkovych1916MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
224Sanahurskyi Mykhailo Pavlovych1916MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
225Fedyk Roman Ivanovych1928MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
226Vysotskyi Pylyp Fedorovych1929MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
227Sanahurskyi Bohdan1928MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
228Dovhan Stapyn Petrovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
229Mahmet Dmytro Mykhailovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
230Tretiak Mykhailo Fedorovych1926MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
231Dovhan Fedir Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
232Paduchak Oleksa Romanovych1924MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
233Yakymovych Fedir Vasylovych1926MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
234Chuprynda Vasyl Mykolaievych1927MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
235Vysotskyi Dmytro Fedorovych1926MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
236Sanahurskyi Mykola Mykhailovych1913MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
237Sudor Ivan Mykolaievych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
238Sudor Stepan Mykolaievych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
239Peliushchak Oleksa Mykhailovych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
240Hamuliak Mykhailo Dmytrovych1929MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
241Kubarych Vasyl Andriievych1920MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
242Mahmet Mykhailo Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
243Dovhan Olha Petrivna1923FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
244Dybyk Mariia Mykhailivna1923FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
245Sanahurska Dozka Dmytrivna1922FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
246Myrosh Kateryna Dmytrivna1923FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
247Vysotska Anna Onufriivna1912FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
248Dychok Sofia Pavlina1922FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
249Kubarych Kaska Andriivna1924FDeported to Germany 1944Zhovchiv
250Yatskiv Kaska Mykolaivna1925FDeported to Germany 1943Zhovchiv
251Makohin Nastia Stepanivna1920FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
252Pliuta Mariia Fedorivna1924FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
253Bulyk Stepania Yustynivna1924FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
254Mahmet Stepania Dmytrivna1922FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
255Sanahurska Mariia1913FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
256Stasiuk Kaska Dmytrivna1922FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
257Burka Doska Stepanivka1919FDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
258Starashchuk Mykola Hryhorovych1928MDeported to Germany 07Jul1944Zhovchiv
260*Muzyka Mykhailo Andriiovych1925MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
261Polovyi Tymko Mykolaievych1912MDeported to GermanyZhovchiv
262Kozar Vasyl Ivanovych1927M25Aug killed in MelnaMelna
263Lisovyi Vasyl Tymkovych1910M25Aug killed in Melna during searchMelna
264Tokar Dmytro Ilkovych1900M10Sep killed during searchMelna
265Kuzyshyn Pavlo Ivanovych1897M26Nov shot in LvivMelna
266Kryven Mykhailo Stepanovych1910M26Nov shot in LvivMelna
267Shymanskyi Dmytro Prokopovych1904M26Jun1944 killed in Melna by bombMelna
268Shymanskyi Dmytro Prokopovych1924M??Jun1944 shot in LvivMelna
269Oliynyk Mykhailo Mykhailovych1904M15May1943 shot in LvivMelna
270Hradkyi Vasyl Savkovych1923M24Jun1944 in Melna at the frontMelna
271Horush Mykhailo Stepanovych1922M24Jun1944 in Melna at the frontMelna
272Yaremchuk Kateryna Ivanivna1934F24Jun1944 in Melna at the frontMelna
273Savryi Mykhailo1915MKilledPerenivka
274Okrepka Teklia1900FDeported to GermanyPerenivka
275Savitskyi Stepan1904MDeported to GermanyPerenivka
276Darmits Vasyl1921MDeported to GermanyPerenivka
277Kostra Vasyl1924MDeported to GermanyPerenivka
278Zaborska Mariia1925FDeported to GermanyPerenivka
279Datsyi Anna1923FDeported to GermanyPerenivka
280Ilkiv Kateryna1925FDeported to GermanyPerenivka
281Datsyi Vasyl1930MKilledPerenivka
282Pankiv Vasyl Leskovych1924MKilledDychky
283Kulynych Mykhailo Mykolaievych1913MKilledDychky
284Savchuk Ivan1930MKilledDychky
285Shemberka Kaska1889FKilledDychky
287*Kvasnytsia Haska Stepanivna1912FKilledDychky
287Kvasnytsia Hryts Ivanovych1910MDeported to GermanyDychky
288Levkiv Vasyl1912MDeported to GermanyDychky
289Zakharkiv Anna Fedorivna1912FDeported to GermanyDychky
290Turchin Yosyf1920MDeported to GermanyDychky
291Sovyak Kaska1920FDeported to GermanyDychky
292Zakharkiv Kaska1920FDeported to GermanyDychky
293Bereza Ilko Semenovych1900MDeported to GermanyDychky
294Bereza Stepan1927MDeported to GermanyDychky
295Kalyna Semen1903MDeported to GermanyDychky
296Bereza Vasyl Oleksiiovych1910MDeported to GermanyDychky
297Hrabskyi Ivan Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyDychky
298Hrabska Kaska Stakhovna1920FDeported to GermanyDychky
299Hrabskyi Vasyl Stepanovych1910MDeported to GermanyDychky
300Hlu?ovych Dmytro1916MDeported to GermanyDychky
301Yonyk Semen1914MDeported to GermanyDychky
302Sharobura Filko Sydorovych1915MDeported to GermanyDychky
303Borkyvych Paska1920M*Deported to GermanyDychky
304Borkyvych Kaska1927FDeported to GermanyDychky
305Hava Mykhaska1920FDeported to GermanyDychky
306Stashviv Nastia1923FDeported to GermanyDychky
307Senyshyn Liudvika1916FDeported to GermanyDychky
308Hotra Anna Hryhorivna1907FDeported to GermanyDychky
309Yonyk Zoska Fedorivna1900FDeported to GermanyDychky
310Varvarchyn Haska Ivanivna1927FDeported to GermanyDychky
311Shemberka Anna Ivanivna1929FDeported to GermanyDychky
312Berezhanska Anna Shavlivna1928FDeported to GermanyDychky
313Martyniak Anna1928FDeported to GermanyDychky
314Martyniak Nastia1916FDeported to GermanyDychky
315Martyniak Yosyf1930MDeported to GermanyDychky
316Martyniak Ivan1928MDeported to GermanyDychky
317Honchar Ilko1907MDeported to GermanyDychky
318Stashkiv Mariia1925FDeported to GermanyDychky
319Budynska Mariia Dmytrivna1925FDeported to GermanyDychky
320Hotra Ruzia Hryhorivna1926FDeported to GermanyDychky
321Martyniak Mykhailo1922MDeported to GermanyDychky
322Filiak Paska Mykolaivna1917FDeported to GermanyDychky
323Samborskyi Dmytro Yurkovych1907MDeported to GermanyDychky
324Varvarchyn Mariia1917FDeported to GermanyDychky
325Levkiv Andrii1900MDeported to GermanyDychky
326Martyniak Mykhailo1917MDeported to GermanyDychky
327Lypovyi Vasyl1914MDeported to GermanyDychky
328Yakymiv Stepan1910MDeported to GermanyDychky
329Samborskyi Mykhailo1912MDeported to GermanyDychky
330Lomaha Mykhailo1914MDeported to GermanyMelna
331Boychuk Fedir Semkovych1912MDeported to GermanyMelna
332Lisovyi Hrynko1901MDeported to GermanyMelna
333Kobryn Vasyl Mykhailovych1921MDeported to GermanyMelna
334Hurska Anna Ivanivna1894FDeported to GermanyMelna
335Trach Ivan1914MDeported to GermanyMelna
336Lisovyi Vasyl Ivanovych1923MDeported to GermanyMelna
337Hotra Mykhailo Ivanovych1928MDeported to GermanyMelna
338Kushnir Vasyl Oleksiievych1928MDeported to GermanyMelna
340*Kuzyshyn Mykola Pylypovych1916MDeported to GermanyMelna
341Kuzyshyn Pavlo Petrovych1924MDeported to GermanyMelna
342Tokar Zofia Ilkivna1920FDeported to GermanyMelna
343Tokar Anna Ilkivna1913FDeported to GermanyMelna
344Datsyi Petro Mykolaievych1914MDeported to GermanyMelna
345Myrka Anna Mykoaiivna1916FDeported to GermanyMelna
346Bahryi Ivan Vasylovych1927MDeported to GermanyMelna
347Lisova Anna Mykolaivna1923FDeported to GermanyMelna
348Lisovyi Vasyl Mykolaievych1921MDeported to GermanyMelna
349Lisovyi Mykhailo Mykolaievych1925MDeported to GermanyMelna
350Martyniv Oleksa1914MDeported to GermanyMelna
351Kuzyshyn Anna Matviivna1922FDeported to GermanyMelna
352Pastukh Kateryna Vasylivna1923FDeported to GermanyMelna
353Kisil Mariia Fedorivna1928FDeported to GermanyMelna
354Zadoretskyi Roman Ivanovych1920MDeported to GermanyMelna
355Zadoretska Marda Ivanivna1922FDeported to GermanyMelna
356Stanislav?shyn Volodymyr1922MDeported to GermanyMelna
357Stanislav?shyn Stepan Mykhailovych1928MDeported to GermanyMelna
358Petchytska Oleksa1901MDeported to GermanyMelna
359Vitvitskyi Mykhailo Vasylevych1924MDeported to GermanyMelna
360Huzar Klym Ivanovych1899MDeported to GermanyMelna
361Kushnir Mariia Ivanivna1923FDeported to GermanyMelna
362Kushnir Anna Ivanivna1921FDeported to GermanyMelna
363Hrytsyshyn Yevdokha Andriivna1928FDeported to GermanyMelna
364Basarab Mykhailo Andriievych1922MDeported to GermanyMelna
365Ostashevskyi Ivan Mykolaievych1928MDeported to GermanyMelna
366Ostashevska Natalka Mykolaivna1920FDeported to GermanyMelna
367Rii Vasyl Fedorovych1910MDeported to GermanyMelna
368Rii Mariia Ivanivna1912FDeported to GermanyMelna
369Hotra Mykola1928MDeported to GermanyMelna
370Hotra Kaska Ivanivna1917FDeported to GermanyMelna
371Hotra Kateryna Ivanivna1919FDeported to GermanyMelna
372Kushnir Fedir Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyMelna
373Kushnir Tanka1924FDeported to GermanyMelna
374Husar Mykhailo Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyMelna
375Myrka Mykola1901MDeported to GermanyMelna
376Lozynskyi Fedir1912MDeported to GermanyMelna
377Chmyr Kcenka Yosypivna1914FDeported to GermanyMelna
378Hurska Zofia Frankivna1924FDeported to GermanyMelna
379Veres Yosyp1922MDeported to GermanyMelna
380Bida Mykhailo Ivanovych1923MDeported to GermanyMelna
381Karolius Hrynko1913MDeported to GermanyMelna
382Zadorozhnyi Bohdan Mykhailovych1924MDeported to GermanyMelna
383Kushnir Mykola Ivanovych1925MDeported to GermanyMelna
384Hotra Vasyl Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
385Kruk Volodymyr Ivanovych1912MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
386Olenchak Mykhailo Dmytrovych1914MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
387Bohda Yosyp Ilkovych1890MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
388Prots Mykhailo Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
389Herech Ivan Pylypovych1910MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
390Okrepka Ivan Yosypovych1912M24Jul1944 killedHolodivka
391Sheremeta Vasyl1924MDeported to GermanyHolodivka
392Chubata Oksana Ivanivna1919FDeported to GermanyHolodivka
393Chubata Kateryna Ivanivna1017FDeported to GermanyHolodivka
394Terebu?ka Melania Dmytrivna1918FDeported to GermanyHolodivka
395Meletska Olha Mykhailivna192?FDeported to GermanyHolodivka
396Kostra Mariia Teodorivna1924FDeported to GermanyHolodivka
397Synyshyn Vasyl Teodorvych1925MDeported to GermanyVyspa
398Burbuliak Hryts Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyVyspa
399Na??ets Ivan Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyVyspa
400Moroz Vasyl1900MDeported to GermanyVyspa
401Ivaskiv Paska1913FDeported to GermanyVyspa
402Stefaniuk Vasyl Semenovych1905MDeported to GermanyVyspa
403Pavlyk Mykhailo Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyVyspa
404Stasyshyn Anna Ilkivna1925FDeported to GermanyVyspa
405Stasyshyn Panka Ilkivna1927FDeported to GermanyVyspa
406Buianovska Anna Onufriivna1929FDeported to GermanyVyspa
407Buianovskyi Vasyl Onufriievych1928MDeported to GermanyVyspa
408Buianovskyi Mykhailo Onufriievych1923MDeported to GermanyVyspa
409Khemyi Yatsko Ivanovych1903MDeported to GermanyVyspa
410Khemyi Kaska Brkivna1898FDeported to GermanyVyspa
411Khemyi Handzia Teodorivna1925FDeported to GermanyVyspa
412Mankiv Ivan Vasylevych1911MDeported to GermanyVyspa
413Mykytiv Stepan V.1920MDeported to GermanyVyspa
414Mykytiv Vasyl1923MDeported to GermanyVyspa
415Burbuliak Teodor Ivanovych1900MDeported to GermanyVyspa
416Plok Petro1905MShotVyspa
417Mykytiv Vitalko1870M25Jul1944 killed near the houseVyspa
418Haiek Mariia Leonivna1880FShotVyspa
419Pavlyk Ivan Mykhailovych1924MShotVyspa
420Kulynych Stepania Ivanivna1924FShotVyspa
421Firman Vasyl Hryhorovych1929MShotVyspa
422Firman Ivan Hryhorovych1921MShotVyspa
423Forman Teklia Hryhorivna1924MShotVyspa
424Zamoiska Nastia Ivanivna1920MShotVyspa
425Zamoiska Mariia1929FShotVyspa
426Valchuk Mariia Hryhorivna1928FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
427Valchuk Natalia Hryhorivna1926FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
428Korchynska Bliia Hryhorivna1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
429Korchynskyi Stepan Andriievych1929MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
430Khandoha Stepan Andriievych1926MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
431Blinskyi Stepan Ivanovych1911MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
432Blinskyi Volodymyr Ivanovych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
433Rii Vasyl Mykhailovych1930MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
434Frankiv Andrii Mykolaievych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
435Babyi Mykhailo Vasylevych1923MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
436Klapko Ksenka Ivanivna1926MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
437Marushchak Paziia Teodorivna1923FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
438Marushchak Teklia Teodorivna1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
439Reshitnyk Kateryna Teodorivna1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
440Senyshyn Teodor Prokopovych1893MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
441Pachkovskyi Mykhailo1923MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
442Stadovych Mariia Oleksiivka1926FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
443Trus Stefania1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
444Trus Kateryna Ivanivna1928FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
445Maksymkiv Kateryna1923FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
446Maksymkiv Anna Petrivna1927FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
447Maksymkiv Bohdan Petrovych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
448Rii Andrii Antonovych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
449Malynovskyi Vasyl Mykhailovych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
450Revutska Mariia Andriivna1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
451Malynovska Mariia Ivanivna1925FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
452Malynovska Pazia Ivanivna1928FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
453Kuziv Mariia Oleksiivna1926FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
454Horin Semen Mykhailovych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
455Kuziv Yevdokha Vasylivna1926FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
456Rii Semen Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
457Stasyshyn Ivan Teodorovych1927MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
458Rii Andrii Mykhailovych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
459Supymovska Teklia Ivanivna1920FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
460Kravets Kateryna Leonivna1925FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
461Soroka Vasyl Ivanovych1913MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
462Surota Mykola Ivanovych1910MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
463Surota Hryts Ivanovych1912MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
464Surota Mykhailo Ivanovych1926MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
465Surota Vasly Ivanovych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
466Surota Paranka Fedorivna1924FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
467Malynovska Blia Mykhailivna1926FDeported to GermanyLiubsha
468Zaborskyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1926MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
469Revutskyi Milko Andriievych1928MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
470Kravets Taras Ivanovych1926MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
471Korchynskyi Semen Markovych1924MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
472Veres Mykhailo Onufriievych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
473Korchynskyi Ivan Hryhorovych1010MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
474Khandoha Vasyl Andriievych1927MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
475Rii Mykola Mykhailovych1927MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
476Khemyi Mykhailo Teodorovych1914MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
477Huzar Slavko Orkovych1927MDeported to GermanyLiubsha
479*Semchyshyn Vasyl Mykhailovych1919MShotLiubsha
480Malynovskyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1922MShotLiubsha
481Rii Vasyl Andriievych1921MShotLiubsha
482Rii Mykhailo Stepanovych1928MShotLiubsha
483Ternivskyi Stepan Ivanovych1921MDeported to Germany 1941Dobryniv
484Bodnar Mykola Stepanovych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
485Bodnar Kateryna Stepanivna1923FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
486Moskal Volodymyr Mykolaievych1925MDeported to Germany 1943Dobryniv
487Fedkiv Petro Mykhailovych1925MDeported to Germany 1941Dobryniv
488Melnyk Zofia Ivanivna1917FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
489Horbus Dmytro Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
490Pasnak Ksenia Dmytrivna1919FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
491Orkiv Mykhailo Mykolaievych1906MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
492Fedun Mariia Dmytrivna1925FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
493Halay Mykhailyna Stepanivna1910FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
494Zaverukha Mariia Vasylivna1919FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
495Fedun Ksenia Vasylivna1921FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
496Holod Nastia Zyhmontivna1925FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
497Panchyshyn Kateryna Oleksiivna1924FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
498Chaikovskyi Hryhorii Mykhailovych1913MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
499Loiik Mykhailo Dmytrovych1920MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
500Fedkiv Vasyl Petrovych1900MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
501Bodnar Hanna Dmytrivna1920FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
502Horbus Hrynko Iliievych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
503Baliuk Dmytro Oleksiievych1901MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
504Baliuk Kaska Kyrylivna1898FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
505Baliuk Ivan Dmytrovych1925MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
506Baliuk Mykhailo Dmytrovych1927MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
507Baliuk Yaroslav Dmytrovych1931MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
508Baliuk Stepan Dmytrovych1936MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
509Dolishnyi Ivan Dmytrovych1903MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
510? Kateryna Dmytrivna1903FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
511Dolishna Anna Ivanivna1926FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
512Dolishna Stepania Ivanivna1930FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
513Dolishnyi Vasyl Ivanovych1941MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
514Zaverukha Kateryna Hryhorivna1906?FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
515Zaverukha Matvyi Hryhorovych1933MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
516Derkach Dmytro Mykolaievych1913MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
517Volianskyi Mykhailo Ostapovych1912MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
518Ponyk Hrynko Pavlovych1906MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
519Dolishnyi Mykhailo Mykhailovych1909MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
520Mizernyi Vasyl Ivanovych1928MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
521Yakymiv Mykhailo Vasylevych1923MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
522Pasnak Ilko Orkovych1900MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
523Pasnak Nastia Hryhorivna1896FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
524Derkach Kateryna Stepanivna1907FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
525Derkach Ivan Hryhorovych1907MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
526Fedun Vasyl Mykhailovych1909MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
527Vikharkh Ivan Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
528Mandzyi Hrynko Dmytrovych1920MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
529Fedkiv Stepan Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
530Rovskyi Yosyf Karolevych1891MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
531Shkalyi Pavlo Oleksiievych1925MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
532Martsinkovskyi Ivan Mykol.1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
533Khudyi Ivan Yurkovych1891MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
534Fedun Petro Iliievych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
535Skrobach Petro Ivanovych1923MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
536Melnyk Ivan Mykhailovych1919MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
537Boyko Stepan Mykhailovych1924MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
538Mizernyi Dmytro Vasylevych1925MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
539Smetana Petro Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
540Derkach Andrii Dmytrovych1924?MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
541Romaniv Kateryna Ivanivna1923FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
542Fedun Dmytro Ivanovych1915MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
543Kovbasa Ivan1925MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
544Horbus Hrynko Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
545Fedkiv Ivan Dmytrovych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
546Fedkiv Hanna Dmytrivna1925FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
547Fedkiv Nastia Dmytrivna1928FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
548Melnyk Hanna Ahafiivna1923FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
549Fedun Vasyl Iliievych1925MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
550Sokolovskyi Ivan Vasylevych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
551Onufryk Hanna Stepanivna1923FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
552Pryshliak Mykhailo Mykolaievych1919MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
553Pryshliak Oleksa Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
554Romaniv Petro Vasylevych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
555Padliak Kateryna Andriivna1922FDeported to GermanyDobryniv
556Melnyk Mykhailo Stepanovych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
557Melnyk Petro Stepanovych1924MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
558Holod Petro Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
559Melnyk Ivan Fedorovych1920MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
560Brkiv Pavlo Oleksiievych1920MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
561Melnyk Mykhailo Mykhailovych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
562Shkapyi Vasyl Andriievych1922MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
563Shpakovych Hryhorii Hryhorovych1911MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
564Fedun Ivan Fedorovych1893MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
565Onufryk Vasyl Dmytrovych1901MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
566Romaniv Ivan Petrovych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
567Pylypiv Mykhailo Mykolievych1902MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
568Pliuta Dmytro Mykhailovych1910MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
569Zastavyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyDobryniv
570Tsymbalistyi Hrynko Ivanovych1911MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
571Tsymbalistyi Stepania Stakhivna1922FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
572Tsymbalistyi Mykola Mykolaievych1918MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
573Tsymbalistyi Mykhailivna Mykolaivna1918FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
574Lopatka Dmytro Vasylevych1916MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
575Vnenk Rozalif Stakhivna1923FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
576Kisheniuk Ivan Mykhailovych1925MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
577Melyshyn Fed Yurkovych1910MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
578Melyshyn Tanka Vasylivna1907FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
579Andrusyshyn Ivan Stahovych1906MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
580Andrusyshyn Mykhailo Stahovych1922MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
581Shpylchuk Ivan Matvievych1922MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
582Hural Fedir Myktovych1915MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
583Zhumt Stakh Mykhailovych1920MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
584Porytko Vasyl Hryhorovych1926MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
585Mykytka Teodor Ivanovych1920MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
586Mykytka Anna Vasylivna1923FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
587Kuchkodan Ivan Hryhorovych1923MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
588Romaniuk Mykola1908MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
589Romaniuk Anna Stakhivna1909FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
590Krupka Vasyl Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
591Popyk Mykhailo Dmytrovych1925MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
592Dzhura Vasyl Mykolaievych1910MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
593Dzhura Kateryna Mykolaivna1014FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
594Dzhura Ivan Mykolaievych1913MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
595Malafyi Hryhorii1904MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
596Malafyi Anna Ivanivna1906FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
597Malafyi Vasyl Hryhorovych1930MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
598Malafyi Mariia Hryhorivna1938FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
599Pentelei Luts1910MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
600Korytko Anna1901FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
601Korytko Mariia Mykhailivna1926FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
602Korytko Anna Mykhailivna1936FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
603Lopatka Zofia Teodorivna1925FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
604Kvasnytsia Ivan Mykolaievych1923MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
605Zadoretskyi Ivan Vasylevych1923MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
606Vovk Mykola Ivanovych1920MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
607Roskosh Mykola Stakhovych1915MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
608Roskosh Mariia Hryhorivna1910FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
609Nadrichnyi Dmytro Mykhailovych1923MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
610Demka Andrii Ivanovych1904MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
611Demka Nastia Andriivna1907FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
612Demka Mariia Andriivna1924FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
613Demka Anna Andriivna1926FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
614Demka Ivan Andriievych1928MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
615Nima Ksenia Petrivna1923FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
616Krupka Vasyl Stakhovych1922MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
617Melnyk Ivan Vasylevych1926MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
618Pitsyk Vasyl Mykhailovych1909MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
619Kulynych Mykhailo1911MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
620Yaremko Kaska1912FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
621Huchak Mykhailo Ivanovych1901MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
622Huchak Doska1904FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
623Huchak Anna Mykhailivna1937FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
624Huchak Olha Mykhailivna1927FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
625Korytko Mykhailo Vasylevych1910MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
626Martyniak Vasyl Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
627Vovk Mykhailo Hryhorovych1923MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
628Hrynch?k Mykhailo Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
629Hrynch?k Ivan Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
630Boyko Mariia Ivanivna1915FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
631Levka Vasyl Mykolaievych1920MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
632Levka Anna Mykolaivna1922FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
633Rab Ivan1889MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
634Rab Mariia Ivanivna1924FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
635Kokhman Mariia M.1909FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
636Chyzhovska Mariia Frankivna1922FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
637Roskosh Doska1904FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
638Petriv Paranka1922FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
639Boyko Anna Stakhivna1918FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
640Franchyshyn Doska Ivanivna1919FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
641Zhmut Mariia Vasylivna1927FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
642Vyshyvanyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
643Pavlovych Ivan Mykolaievych1924MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
644Vorona Anna Vasylivna1907FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
645Vorona Ivan Fedorovych1925MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
646Heba Vasyl Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
647Kvasnytsia Ivan Ilkovych1904MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
648Pidliashetskyi Tadei1907MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
649Pidliashetskyi Volodymyr1914MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
650Mykhailiv Mykhailo S.1916MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
651Shpylchuk Matvyi1891MKilled in 1943Zalaniv
652Zhmut Mykhailo1901MKilled in 1944Zalaniv
653Kvasnytsia Mykola1900MKilled in 1944Zalaniv
654Frants Ivan Yurkovych1894MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
655Frants Anna Vasylivna1913FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
656Frants Mariia Mykolaivna1928FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
657Mahdyi Tadei1898MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
658Mahdyi Nastia Fedorivna1899FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
659Mahdyi Stakh Teodorovych1925MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
660Mahdyi Mykhailo Teodorovych1926MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
661Mahdyi Zofia Teodorivna1925FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
662Mahdyi Marusia Teodorivna1928FDeported to GermanyZalaniv
663Kokhmar Stakh1906MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
664Chyzhovskyi Volodymyr1900MDeported to GermanyZalaniv
665Korytko Yevdokha Mykhailivna1923FDeported to GermanyFraha
666Futiak Yakym1918MDeported to GermanyFraha
667Budnyk Kateryna Yosypivna1923FDeported to GermanyFraha
668Hotsuliak ? Fedorivna1914FDeported to GermanyFraha
669Snylyk Vasyl Petrovych1923MDeported to GermanyFraha
670Sailyv Mykhailo Petrovych1925MDeported to GermanyFraha
671Kobylnyk Ivan Fedorovych1925MDeported to GermanyFraha
672Benkovska Kateryna Vasylivna1908FDeported to GermanyFraha
673Mamchuk Khyma Mykhailivna1923FDeported to GermanyFraha
674Dovha Kateryna Fedorivna1922FDeported to GermanyFraha
675Komorynskyi Ivan1911MDeported to GermanyFraha
676Pastukh Vasyl Dmytrovych1921MDeported to GermanyFraha
677Varvarchyn Mykhailo Ilkovych1908MDeported to GermanyFraha
678Storozh Yosyp Ivanovych1908MDeported to GermanyFraha
679Storozh Ivan Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyFraha
680Viter Volodymyr1908MDeported to GermanyFraha
681Panskyi Ivan Yosypovych1922MDeported to GermanyFraha
682Panska Kateryna Yosypivna1924FDeported to GermanyFraha
683Mamchuk Kateryna Mykhailivna1910FDeported to GermanyFraha
684Mamchuk Mariia Mykhailivna1919FDeported to GermanyFraha
685Baliuk Mariia Fedorivna1910FDeported to GermanyFraha
686Lialka Pelahia Ivanivna1913FDeported to GermanyFraha
687Mylymuka Vasyl Mykhailovych1905MDeported to GermanyFraha
688Martsishyn Ahafia1910FDeported to GermanyFraha
689Lialka Mykhailo Ivanovych1904MDeported to GermanyFraha
690Hul Vasyl Dmytrovych1918MDeported to GermanyFraha
691Benkovskyi Volodymyr Mykhailov.1923MDeported to GermanyFraha
692Panskyi Ivan Yosypovych1920MDeported to GermanyFraha
693Martsishyn Franko Karolevych1900MDeported to GermanyFraha
694Martsishyn Ivan Vasylevych1925MDeported to GermanyFraha
695Panskyi Vasyl Ivanovych1924MDeported to GermanyFraha
696Martsishyn Petro Karolevych1895MDeported to GermanyFraha
697Martsishyn Ivan Yosypovych1895MDeported to GermanyFraha
698Matys Mykhailo Yosypovych1910MDeported to GermanyFraha
699Matys Prokip Yosypovych1925MDeported to GermanyFraha
700Matys Kateryna Mykhailivna1925FDeported to GermanyFraha
701Martsishyn Mykhailo Ivanovych1930MDeported to GermanyFraha
702Firman Ivan Vasylevych1888MKilled by grenadeFraha
703Mamchuk Mykhailo1923MKilled by grenade 1944Fraha
704Martsishyn Yosyp Ivanovych1895MDeported to GermanyFraha
705Naumets Mykhailo Fedorovych1925MDeported to GermanyYahlush
706Vovk Vasyl Mykolaievych1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
707Vovk Mariia1926FDeported to GermanyYahlush
708Simka Yosyp Stepanovych1921MDeported to GermanyYahlush
709Martyshyn Tetianna Semenivna1921FDeported to GermanyYahlush
710Martyshyn Mariia Semenivna1924FDeported to GermanyYahlush
711Dutka Ivan1923MDeported to GermanyYahlush
712Dutka Volodymyr1914MCaptured with Polish troopsYahlush
713Sapatyi Roman1898MDeported to GermanyYahlush
714Ivasechko Ivan1914MDeported to GermanyYahlush
715Berezhanskyi Ivan1907MDeported to GermanyYahlush
716Berezhanska Kateryna1909FDeported to GermanyYahlush
717Marushchak Kateryna1920FDeported to GermanyYahlush
718Marushchak Pavlina1927FDeported to GermanyYahlush
719Laba Mariia1922FDeported to GermanyYahlush
720Moskal Yosyf1914MCaptured with Polish troopsYahlush
721Ziulkovskyi Semen1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
722Moskal Anna1918FDeported to GermanyYahlush
723Hryvnak Semen1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
724Borachok Petro1923MDeported to GermanyYahlush
725Zadortskyi Ivan1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
726Martiniak Paranka1929FDeported to GermanyYahlush
727Hrezda Oleksa1914MCaptured with Polish troopsYahlush
728Hotra Pelahia1912FDeported to GermanyYahlush
729Haran Anna1918FDeported to GermanyYahlush
730Moskal Semen1904MDeported to GermanyYahlush
731Borachok Mykola1920MDeported to GermanyYahlush
732Borachok Ivan1926MDeported to GermanyYahlush
733Martyshyn Semen1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
734Martyshyn Dmytro1919MDeported to GermanyYahlush
735Bilinska Anna1915FDeported to GermanyYahlush
736Ziulkovskyi Yosyf1926MDeported to GermanyYahlush
737Saviak Andrii1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
738Zakutynskyi Volodymyr1920MDeported to GermanyYahlush
739Orchynskyi Olko1913MDeported to GermanyYahlush
740Voitovych Stepan1923MDeported to GermanyYahlush
741Voitovych Mariia1925FDeported to GermanyYahlush
742Zakutynskyi Ivan1922MDeported to GermanyYahlush
743Zakutynska Iryna1923FDeported to GermanyYahlush
744Medynskyi Ivan1909MShot to deathYahlush
745Saviak Vasyl1906MShot to deathYahlush
746Ralievych Mykola Dmytrovych1909MDeported to GermanyStratyn
747Halay Vasyl Oleksiievych1922MDeported to Germany 1941Stratyn
748Fedun Dmytro Andriievych1922MDeported to Germany 1942Stratyn
749Martsinkovskyi Ivan Mykh.1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
750Halay Ivan Ivanovych1916MDeported to GermanyStratyn
751Fedyna Mykhailivna Mykolaivna1921FDeported to Germany 1941Stratyn
752Fedyna Helena Mykolaivna1926FDeported to Germany 1942Stratyn
753Hotra Mykhailo Hryhorovych1923MDeported to Germany 1941Stratyn
754Hotra Yosyf Hryhorovych1936MDeported to GermanyStratyn
755Pastushyn Mykhailo Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
756Pastushyn Mariia Ivanivna1906FDeported to Germany 1942Stratyn
757Zviryshyn Volodymyr Dmytrovych1922MDeported to Germany 1941Stratyn
758Zastrotskyi Mykola Hryh.1914MDeported to Germany 1942Stratyn
759Prots Mariia Ivanivna1922FDeported to Germany 1941Stratyn
760Myzerna Stepania Dmytrivna1926FDeported to Germany 1942Stratyn
761Myzernyi Volodymyr Dmytrovych1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
762Kirzhenskyi Mykhailo Dmytrovych1908MCaptured in the Polish armyStratyn
763Halay Volodymyr Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
764Halay Anastasia Dmytrivna1926FDeported to GermanyStratyn
765Prots Dmytro Oleksiievych1902MDeported to GermanyStratyn
766Fedkiv Kateryna Mykolaivna1923FDeported to GermanyStratyn
767Korol Ivan Mykhailovych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
768Martyniak Ivan Hryhorovych1903MDeported to GermanyStratyn
769Stek Mykola Hryhorovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
770Ternivskyi Petro Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
771Fedun Hryhorii Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
772Fedun Petro Dmytrovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
773Melnyk Stashka Stepanivna1926FDeported to GermanyStratyn
774Klipalo Petro Dmytrovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
775Melnyk Stepan Hryhorovych1919MDeported to GermanyStratyn
776Padliak Volodymyr Ivanovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
777Klipalo Mykhailo Pavlovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
778Vyshnivetskyi Dmytro Mykh.1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
779Pavlovych Mykhailo Dmytrovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
780Martsinkovskyi Oleksa Mykh.1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
781Melnyk Vasyl Dmytrovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
782Martsinkovskyi Ivan Mykh.1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
783Valko Mykhailo Stepanovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
784Yanush Vasyl Stepanovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
785Bodnar Stepan Mykhailovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
786Prots Petro Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyStratyn
787Hakalo Stepan Pavlovych1915MDeported to GermanyStratyn
788Danyliv Oleksa Tymkovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
789Korchynska Mariia Teodorivna1925FDeported to GermanyStratyn
790Hyt Pavlina Stepanivna1929FDeported to GermanyStratyn
791Hyt Mariia Stepanivna1927FDeported to GermanyStratyn
792Palko Ivan Vasylevych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
793Melnyk Petro Dmytrovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
794Danylok Vasyl Mykh.1926MDeported to GermanyStratyn
795Danylok Petro Mykh.1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
796Danylok Dmytro Mykh.1920MDeported to GermanyStratyn
797Fedun Mykola Hryhorovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
798Fedun Dmytro Hryhorovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
799Dudi Petro Ivanovych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
800Yatsyna Volodymyr Kostovych1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
801Pasnak Mykhailo Vasylevych1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
802Pasnak Ivan Vasylevych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
803Muzychka Ivan Mykhailovych1913MDeported to GermanyStratyn
804Muzychka Volodymyr Mykhailovych1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
805Muzychka Katia Mykhailivna1916FDeported to GermanyStratyn
806Muzychna Anna Ivanivna1920FDeported to GermanyStratyn
807Kaminskyi Petro1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
808Tarasiuk Roman Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
809Melnyk Ivan Vasylevych1910MDeported to GermanyStratyn
810Halay Dmytro Petrovych1901MDeported to GermanyStratyn
811Halay Katia Dmytrivna1898FDeported to GermanyStratyn
812Halay Mykhailo Dmytrovych1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
813Saliy Antin Stepanovych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
814Kaminskyi Ivan Mykhailovych1912MDeported to GermanyStratyn
815Zapolskyi Mykhailo Mykhailovych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
816Zapolskyi Volodymyr Mykhailovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
817Zapolskyi Evstakhyi Mykhailovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
818Andrushevskyi Stepan Fedorovych1915MDeported to GermanyStratyn
819Andrushevskyi Pavlo Fedorovych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
820Tsiupyra Volodymyr Mykolaievych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
821Tsiupyra Hryhorii Mykolaievych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
822Andrushevskyi Volodymyr Mykh.1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
823Korchynskyi Evsakhii1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
824Huzar Antin Hryhorovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
825Kitsenka Danylo Mykhailovych1826MDeported to GermanyStratyn
827*Melnyk Mykola Pavlovych1909MDeported to GermanyStratyn
828Yakymiv Mykola Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyStratyn
829Prots Vasyl Ivanovych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
830Ambruzievych Roman Vasylevych1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
831Prots Teodor Danylovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
832Fedkiv Mykola Mykhailovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
833Ivantsiv Mykola Hryhorovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
834Khranovskyi Hryhorii Mykhailovych1904MDeported to GermanyStratyn
835Potiakevych Yaroslav Vasylevych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
836Atamanchuk Izydor Mykolaievych1905MDeported to GermanyStratyn
837Ivanitskyi Dmytro Petrovych1907MDeported to GermanyStratyn
838Halai Oleksa Dmytrovych1905MDeported to GermanyStratyn
839Khranovskyi Mykola Mykhailovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
840Prots Mykhailo Oleksiievych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
841Melnyk Mykhailo Petrovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
842Dolishnyi Mykola Antonovych1910MDeported to GermanyStratyn
843Pasnak Mykhailo Andriievych1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
844Pasnak Anna Andriivna1922FDeported to GermanyStratyn
845Moskal Mykola Dmytrovych1926MDeported to GermanyStratyn
846Moskal Kateryna Dmytrivna1924FDeported to GermanyStratyn
847Melnyk Mykhailo Hryhorovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
848Vaskiv Nastia Petrivna1911FDeported to GermanyStratyn
849Konopada Mykhailo Hryhorovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
850Savitska Yuzyna Dmytr.1900FDeported to GermanyStratyn
851Idak Hryhorii Stepanovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
852Pasnak Fedir Vasylevych1915MDeported to GermanyStratyn
853Prots Dmytro Hryhorovych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
854Dzhymak Vasyl Romanovych1916MDeported to GermanyStratyn
855Dzhumak Anna Ivanivna1921FDeported to GermanyStratyn
856Prots Mykhailo Dmytrovych1905MDeported to GermanyStratyn
857Sveryda Mykhailo Stepanovych1907MDeported to GermanyStratyn
858Melnyk Ivan Onufriievych1924MDeported to GermanyStratyn
859Prots Anastaziia1922FDeported to GermanyStratyn
860Lopushanska Stepania Hryhorivna1918FDeported to GermanyStratyn
861Konopada Stepania Hryhorivna1918FDeported to GermanyStratyn
862Martsinkovskyi Dmytro Ivanovych1889MDeported to GermanyStratyn
863Lopushanskyi Yosyp Hryhorovych1897MDeported to GermanyStratyn
864Vesolovskyi Roman Mykhailovych1915MDeported to GermanyStratyn
865Prots Anna Dmytrivna1925FDeported to GermanyStratyn
866Osadko Mariia Vasylivna1927FDeported to GermanyStratyn
867Kushnier Yustyna Vasylivna1923FDeported to GermanyStratyn
868Kushnier Hryhorii Ivanovych1907MDeported to GermanyStratyn
869Melnyk Anna Hryhorivna1924FDeported to GermanyStratyn
870Hohol Vasyl Andriievych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
871Prots Stepan Ivanovych1898MDeported to GermanyStratyn
872Fedun Mykola Hryhorovych1926MDeported to GermanyStratyn
873Hordii Fed Tymkovych1908MDeported to GermanyStratyn
874Soltys Oleksa Dmytrovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
875Tsap Mykola Dmytrovych1927MDeported to GermanyStratyn
876Tychkivskyi Ivan1012MDeported to GermanyStratyn
877Derevlianyi Mykola Mykh.1918MDeported to GermanyStratyn
878Huzar Mykhailo Harasymovych1921MDeported to GermanyStratyn
879Huzar Hryhorii Harasymovych1926MDeported to GermanyStratyn
880Zhyra Nastia1920FDeported to GermanyStratyn
881Hohol Mykola Teodorovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
882Hohol Ksenia Teodorivna1924FDeported to GermanyStratyn
883Shchur Mykola Ivanovych1914MDeported to GermanyStratyn
884Ivantsiv Nastia Hryhorivna1922FDeported to GermanyStratyn
885Pasnak Mykola1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
886Kuryliv Ivan Vasylevych1888MDeported to GermanyStratyn
887Kuryliv Mariia Ivanivna1925FDeported to GermanyStratyn
888Kuryliv Dmytro Ivanovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
889Fedkiv Andrii Oleksiievych1908MDeported to GermanyStratyn
890Repeta Mykhailo Vasylevych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
891Melnyk Volodymyr Mykhailovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
892Padyk Ivan Andriievych1910MDeported to GermanyStratyn
893Melnyk Mykhailo Vasylevych1910MDeported to GermanyStratyn
894Moskal Kazymyr Ivanovych1925MDeported to GermanyStratyn
895Melnyk Mykola Stakhovych1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
896Nakonechnyi Mykola1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
897Nakonechna Mariia1926FDeported to GermanyStratyn
898Kovalskyi Antin Frankovych1907MDeported to GermanyStratyn
899Lutsiv Petro Fedorovych1914MDeported to GermanyStratyn
900Yanush Olha Antonivna1923FDeported to GermanyStratyn
901Yanush Stefa Antonivna1920FDeported to GermanyStratyn
902Yanush Taras Antonovych1930MDeported to GermanyStratyn
903Romaniv Mykhailo Vasylevych1909MDeported to GermanyStratyn
904Oliinyk Petro Hryhorovych1917MDeported to GermanyStratyn
905Kaminskyi Petro1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
906Oliinyk Dmytro Mykhailovych1928MDeported to GermanyStratyn
907Makushchak Mykhailo Andriievych1923MDeported to GermanyStratyn
908Baksap Dmytro Ivanovych1908MDeported to GermanyStratyn
909Martyniak Pavlo Hryhorovych1901MDeported to GermanyStratyn
910Moskal Petro Hryhorovych1922MDeported to GermanyStratyn
911Atamanchuk Mykola Mykhailovych1900MDeported to GermanyStratyn
912Pryshliak Ivan Mykolaievych1909MDeported to GermanyStratyn
913Palko Dmytro Ivanovych1926MDeported to GermanyStratyn
914Prots Petro Ivanovych1902MDeported to GermanyStratyn
915Vyshnivetskyi Mykhailo Mykol.1930MDeported to GermanyStratyn

Tables: Accounting of the People Killed and Deported into Slavery In Germany
as Reported by Village Councils in the Rohatyn District

Note: These tables are a duplicate of the tables from pages 36~49, but in Russian language, so are not listed again here. Some corrections of the Ukrainian table numbering were incorporated in this alternate version.

p.50 [in Russian language].


Table: Soviet Citizens Killed in the Rohatyn District by the German-Fascist Invaders and Their Accomplices

Note: Apparent errors in the original material are indicated here with an asterisk (*). Uncertain info due to legibility problems are indicated with a question mark (?).

p.59 [in Russian and Ukrainian languages].

No.Surname, Name, PatronymicYear BornSexWhere & When KilledVillage
1Mykytiv Vitalko1870M25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
2Haiok Mariia Leonivna1880F25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
3Pavlik Ivan Mikhailovych1924M25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
4Kulynych Stefania Ivanivna1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
5Firman Vasyl Hryhorovych1929M25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
6Firman Ivan Hryhorovych1921M25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
7Firman Teklia Hryhorivna1924?M*25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
8Zamoiska Nastia Ivanivna1920M*25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
9Zamoiska Mariia Ivanivna1929M*25Jul1944 – shot near the house[Unnamed]
10Valchuk Mariia Hryhorivna1928F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
11Valchuk Natalia Hryhorivna1926F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
12Korchynska Bliia Hryhorivna1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
13Korchynskyi Mikhailo1929M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
14Khandoha Stepan Andriievych1926M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
15Blinskyi Stepan Ivanovych1911M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
16Blinskyi Volodymyr Ivanovych1928M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
17Rii Vasyl Mykhailovych1930M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
18Frankiv Andrii Mykolaievych1928M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
19Babii Mykhailo Vasylevych1923M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
20Klapko Ekselka Ivanivna1926F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
21Marushchak Pazia Teodorivna1923F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
22Marushchak Teklia Teodorivna1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
23Reshytnyk Kateryna1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
24Senin Teodor Prokopovych1893M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
25Pachkovskyi Mykhailo1923M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
26Stadovych Mariia Oleksiivna1926F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
27Strus Stefania1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
28Strus Kateryna Ivanivna1928F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
29Maksymkiv Kateryna1923F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
30Maksymkiv Anna Petrivna1927F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
31Maksymkiv Bohdan Petrovych1928F*25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
32Rii Andrii Antonovych1914M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
33Malynovskyi Vasyl Mykh.1928M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
34Revutska Mariia Andriivna1924F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
35Malynovska Mariia Ivanivna1925F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
36Malynovska Pazia Ivanivna1928F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
37Kuziv Mariia Oleksivna1926F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
38Koryn Semen Mykhailovych1914M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
39Kuziv Yevdokha Vasylivna1926F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
40Rii Semen Ivanovych1914M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
41Stasyshyn Ivan Teodorovych1927M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
42Rii Andrii Mykhailovych1914M25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
43Suiamovska Teklia Ivanivna1920F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
44Kravets Kateryna Leonivna1925F25Jul1944 – shot near the houseLiubsha
45Soroka Vasyl Ivanovych1913MshotLiubsha
46Surota Mykola Ivanovych1910MshotLiubsha
47Surota Hryts Ivanovych1912MshotLiubsha
48Surota Mykhailo Ivanovych1926MshotLiubsha
49Surota Vasyl Ivanovych1928MshotLiubsha
50Surota Paraska Fedorivna1924FshotLiubsha
51Malynovska Bliia Mykhailivna1926FshotLiubsha
52Zaborskyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1926MshotLiubsha
53Semchyshyn Vasyl Mykhailovych1919MshotLiubsha
54Malynovskyi Mykhailo Ivanovych1922MshotLiubsha
55Rii Vasyl Andriiovych1921MshotLiubsha
56? Mykhailo Stepanovych1928MshotLiubsha
57Mykhailiv Matvii S.1891MshotLiubsha
58Zhmut Mykhailo1901MshotLiubsha
59Kvasnytsia Mykola1900MshotLiubsha
60Medynskyi Ivan1909MshotLiubsha
61Saviak Vasyl1906MshotLiubsha
62Kozar Vasyl Ivanovych1927M25Aug killed in MelnaMelna
63Lisovyi Vasyl Tymkovych1910M25Aug killed in Melna during searchMelna
64Tokar Dmytro Ilkovych1900M10Sep killed in Melna during searchMelna
65Kuzyshyn Pavlo Ivanovych1897M26Nov shot in LvivMelna
66Kryven Mykhailo Stepanovych1910M26Nov shot in LvivMelna
67Shymanskyi Dmytro Prokopovych1904M26Jun1944 killed in Melna by bombMelna
68Shymanskyi Ivan Prokopovych1924M26Jun1944 killed in Melna by bombMelna
69Oliinyk Mykhailo Mykhailovych1904M15May1943 shot in LvivMelna
70Hladkyi Vasyl Savkovych1923M24Jun1944 in Melna at the frontMelna
71Horysh Mykhailo Stepanovych1922M24Jun1944 in Melna at the frontMelna
72Yaremchuk Kateryna Ivanivna1924?F25June1944Melna
73Savrii Mykhailo1915MkilledPerenivka
74Datsii Vasyl1930?MkilledPerenivka
75Pankiv Vasyl Lev.1924MkilledDychky
76Kulynych Mykhailo Mykol.1913MkilledDychky
77Savchuk Ivan1930MkilledDychky
78Shemberka Vasyl1889MkilledDychky
79Kvasnytsia Vaska Ste.1912M*killedDychky

Sources

[1] See Timeline: The Shoah in Rohatyn; this website.

[2] Extraordinary State Commission; Wikipedia.

[3] The Holocaust in Eastern Europe: At the Epicenter of the Final Solution; Waitman Wade Beorn, Bloomsbury, 2018, p.76.

[4] FALQs: Soviet Investigation of Nazi War Crimes; Peter Roudik, Library of Congress blog In Custodia Legis, 2015.

[5] Nuremburg trials: Soviet prosecution; Wikipedia.

[6] Extraordinary crimes in Ukraine: an examination of evidence collection by the Extraordinary State Commission of the U.S.S.R., 1942-1946; Marian R. Sanders, Ph.D. thesis, Ohio University, 1995, p.73.

[7] Katyn massacre: Soviet actions, Wikipedia.

[8] Report by a special Soviet commission, 24 January 1944, concerning the shooting of Polish officer prisoners of war in the forest of Katyn (original report text); part of: Katyn Forest Massacre, James von Geldern, Seventeen Moments in Soviet History, Macalester College and Michigan State University, undated.

[9] The Katyn lie: Its rise and duration; Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation, 2020.

[10] Extraordinary State Commission to Investigate German-Fascist Crimes Committed on Soviet Territory from the USSR; USHMM collection RG-22.002M, accession 1995.A.1265, and finding aid; Reel 11, section 13; from 1995.

[11] Documentation of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, regarding the murder of Jews in the Rohatyn district by the Germans and their assistants during 1941-1944; Yad Vashem document collection Item 13224740, file number JM/17303, undated.

[12] List of survivors and perished from Rogatin, prepared by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, in 12/1944: includes itemization of property damage; Yad Vashem document collection Item 6231933, file number JM/21840, undated.

[13] Victims of the Holocaust; Rohatyn District Research Group; tabulated personal and property damage in the city of Rohatyn, transcription and translation of scanned images of GARF R-7021-73-65, undated.

[14] See Memoirs of Jewish Life in Rohatyn; this website.

[15] See The Yizkor Book for Rohatyn: Kehilat Rohatyn v’hasviva; this website.

[16] See Donia Gold Shwarzstein’s “Remembering Rohatyn and Its Environs”; this website.

[17] Amber Nickell; Fort Hays State University faculty profile, undated.

[18] Yahad – In Unum; website, undated.

[19] NKVD; Wikipedia.

[20] See Rohatyn’s Shoah Killing Sites and Mass Graves; this website.

[21] See About Rohatyn Jewish Heritage; this website.

[22] Reconstructing Lives: Two University Applicants from Rohatyn; Alexander Feller; The Galitzianer; December 2021, p.23~28.

[23] Soviet ruble: Exchange rates; Wikipedia.

[24] Holocaust Resources; Rohatyn District Research Group; lists of and links to numerous online and offline records and other resources produced by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, Yad Vashem, the USHMM, Arolsen Archives, and other institutions.