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A parallel article on this website fully translates and summarizes a lengthy report by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission on crimes perpetrated in the Rohatyn district during the German occupation of World War II (1941~1944). The report was loosely assembled from more than 80 handwritten and typed pages of interviews and testimonies together with three tables of named victims, including those killed and others abducted into slavery in Germany; brief tabular and text summaries of the major crimes plus a legal declaration precede the body of the report. See the parallel article for background to the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission and its work in the Rohatyn district.
Despite the length of that report, only some of the villages in the Rohatyn district are covered, meaning victims in other villages were unnamed and uncounted. More surprisingly, while crimes committed in the city of Rohatyn are attested by five Jewish and two Ukrainian witnesses, and the victim accounting table in the report shows more than 99% of shooting deaths in the district occurred within the city, no victims in the city are listed among the more than one thousand names which appear in the district report.
A partial explanation lies in a smaller and incomplete report fragment covering Rohatyn city plus the nearby villages of Babintsi and Ruda, preserved under a separate record number in the Soviet and then Russian archive systems. This article translates and summarizes that fragment as a complement to the district report.
See the Sources section at the bottom of this page and at the bottom of the parallel article on the district report for footnotes and general references to the sections below; footnote numbering is consistent between these two articles.
The Rohatyn City Report Fragment
The report fragment translated here is a copy of State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF) record R-7021-73-65 acquired in 2009 from the Yad Vashem documents archive by Dr. Alex Feller, founder of the Rohatyn District Research Group (RDRG), an online family history organization. The full record includes only 16 microfilm images, of which two are reel section markers (not part of the report), one is a cover, and 13 are images of the report’s paper sheets. The report is in two parts: eight sheets list victims in the city of Rohatyn only and categorize their damages in a sparsely-filled table; another five sheets are typed, transcribing the Rohatyn names from the handwritten table together with the total monetary value of their damages, and adding similar names lists and damage totals for victims in Babintsi (an incorporated village just east of the Rohatyn city center) and the separate village of Ruda about 6km north of Rohatyn. No handwritten damages tables exist for Babintsi or Ruda.
The report fragment includes no testimonies, no introduction or explanation, and no certification; only names and damages are listed and counted. “Damage” in the Soviet administrative language of the era includes both personal damage (death) and property damage, e.g. theft or destruction of buildings, livestock, farm fields, orchards, vineyards, etc. Although the typewritten lists count only the total values of property damage and are silent on the fates of the named victims, the handwritten list for Rohatyn also counts for each victim the number of their family members and the family’s fate, where known/reported. See the table below, which merges the key information from the two sets of report data, and which may be sorted and searched for names and selected numbers.
The handwritten sheets are undated, but all of the typed table records which transcribe the handwritten forms are dated either “0” or 13 December 1944, several weeks earlier than most of the testimonies in the district report. It may be that this time gap in the administrative process led to the separation of the two parts of the investigation reports in the Rohatyn area.
Related Testimonies, Memoirs, and Other Historical Information
As noted throughout the parallel article on the Soviet report for the Rohatyn district, multiple postwar memoirs, video and audio testimonies, and formal and informal histories have documented the deadly events in the city of Rohatyn during the German occupation . Those accounts plus the Soviet district report testimonies in the parallel article directly relate to the report fragment published here.
A lasting tragedy of the Holocaust in Rohatyn is that the names of so few of the victims are known; as noted in the next section, this Soviet report fragment helps but still falls far short of a full accounting of victims for historical and memorial purposes. Combining this Soviet list with lists from Yad Vashem and other sources still leaves the vast majority of victims in Rohatyn unnamed, and probably lost to time.
Researching and Analyzing the Report
As noted above, the GARF record R-7021-73-65 was acquired in 2009 by Dr. Alex Feller for the RDRG from the Yad Vashem documents archive . Founded originally as an online Jewish descendants’ group focused on Rohatyn, the RDRG’s initial research effort was on the handwritten table of data for the city of Rohatyn. A first translation from that original Russian data to an English-language spreadsheet was made for the RDRG by Yefim Kogan, leader of the Bessarabia Special Interest Group at JewishGen and a native Russian speaker. The report images and the translated spreadsheet were then placed with related materials on the RDRG website for group study in a section on Victims of the Holocaust  and another on Holocaust Resources .
Ten years later, as part of the research by Rohatyn Jewish Heritage (RJH) on GARF record R-7021-73-13   for the parallel article on the district report on this website, the report fragment R-7021-73-65 was reviewed again in its entirety. Recognizing this fragment as complementary to the district report, the key data was analyzed again, corrected (where possible), and newly translated by Vasyl Yuzyshyn and Jay Osborn for presentation here. In order to expand the victims table to include the villages of Babintsi and Ruda, the overlapping data in the handwritten and typewritten tables were merged into the single table seen below. For victims in the city of Rohatyn, financial losses tied to habitable buildings are shown, as are losses in a category labeled “other (types of) damage”; for Jews and others who held no farm land, this appears to account for business inventory, furniture, and other valuable goods lost during the occupation. Not all columns of the handwritten table for the city of Rohatyn were retained in this presentation; values in sparsely-filled columns accounting for loss of livestock as well as agricultural fields, inventory, equipment, and provisions were combined with the “other” column. The full table for the city of Rohatyn is accessible in both the original Soviet sheet images and in an English-language spreadsheet version on the RDRG website as noted, if the agricultural damage amounts are of interest for further research.
The table column describing the “fate of the family” is difficult to interpret. While entries such as “moved away”, “shot”, and “all killed” are clear, families whose fate is understandably listed as “unknown” may or may not have survived, many fates are simply left blank, and one listed fate is illegible. The fate noted as “Rohatyn” appears to suggest that some or all of the family returned to the city after the German army and other officials retreated from the Rohatyn area in 1944; only 41 people were listed in this category at the time of the Soviet investigation, of which at most 4 were possibly Jewish.
Counting the Victims
Analysis shows that as a record of what happened in and around Rohatyn during the Holocaust, and to whom, this report fragment is defective in many ways. Probably the most significant defect is the very incomplete listing of the names and even the numbers of victims, in particular the thousands of Jewish ones. The 167 named Rohatyn victims are heads of household, many with several or dozens of unnamed family members sharing a similar fate, so a single name stands in for all of the individuals in sometimes very extended families. There is an even larger issue with the numbers of victims. On one hand, comparing the names of victims in villages in the district report with the summary numbers at the beginning of that report, reasonably close agreement is seen except where village names are omitted. On the other hand, the district report tallies the murdered in Rohatyn at 9800 people, while the report fragment analyzed here totals only 1461 to 1525 killed depending on how one counts families whose fates are listed either as “unknown” or illegibly; fates left blank are assumed to mean survived (only one likely Jewish name has a blank fate in the table).
One can speculate that most individual Jewish people of Rohatyn were simply not known well or at all to survivors of the occupation, especially to Ukrainians but even to the scant Jews and Poles who returned to and then remained in Rohatyn through the time of the Soviet investigation. Significantly, the listed names in the report fragment very likely omit all or nearly all Jews who came to Soviet-occupied Rohatyn and its district in the first years of the war (1939~1941) as refugees from German-occupied western Poland; their names would be even less well known to residents of the region due to their brief time in place and their transient status. Jews forcibly moved from other regional communities (including Knihynicze, Bursztyn, Bołszowce, and Bukaczowce)  to the Rohatyn ghetto beginning in late 1941 and substantially following the first major killing event in 1942 would be completely unknown to gentile Rohatyn residents and not well known to Jewish survivors of the ghetto liquidation.
Naming and Identifying the Victims
Limited familiarity with the victims and their cultures also led witnesses and officials to make artless omissions and errors in reporting, recording, and transcribing names, which further obscures the full and accurate history of the destruction. The table below shows numerous examples of families recorded only by surname, and a few recorded only by first names. There are also many examples in which a listed name in Russian is phonetically similar to a known local Jewish, Ukrainian, or Polish name, but something is flawed: a missing syllable, erroneous or transposed consonants, or altered vowels. Mistakes were compounded in the Soviet reporting process, as the original handwritten tables apparently proved difficult to read even for the later Soviet typist, and new errors and omissions were introduced in that stage of the record. Later reviewer/translators including both the RDRG and RJH were unable to resolve all legibility issues and likely introduced a few new errors as well.
In the table below of victims from Rohatyn, Babintsi, and Ruda, where a family surname matches one found in the martyrs list in the Rohatyn Yizkor Book (1962)  (and the edited and expanded version published as Remembering Rohatyn (2015 and 2019) ), an “M” is marked in the table. If a surname appears elsewhere in the Yizkor Book text sections or in another of the published histories of Jewish life in Rohatyn, an “H” is marked in the table. In a separate column in the table, if a family surname is among the names being actively researched by descendants in the Rohatyn District Research Group (RDRG), a “G” is marked; this column includes Jewish, Polish, and Ukrainian names. Where a question mark (?) is added to M, H, or G, it means the listed name is close to a known historical Rohatyn family surname, but we were unsure if the match should be exact.
Re-translation of the names in both lists of the Soviet report fragment gave an opportunity to reinterpret the identity of some family names. Russian spellings of Ukrainian surnames and first names were corrected by a Ukrainian native speaker who is fluent in Russian, and matched to known names in the Rohatyn region in many cases. Likely Jewish names were transliterated and then phonetically matched to common Jewish naming patterns as they are written by Jewish descendants in the diaspora, e.g. following German- or Polish-language spelling models modified for English pronunciation. In the same process, names which appeared to be misspelled or otherwise mistaken in either the handwritten or typed Russian lists were corrected, if a close match to known Rohatyn families could be discerned. We thank Dr. Alex Feller for his careful review and adjustment of many of the victims’ names tabulated here, based on his extensive knowledge of Rohatyn Jewish names.
For example, the name variously written in the Russian tables as Байдаер (which transliterates as Baidaer), Байдаф (Baidaf), and Бедер (Beder) were changed to the known Rohatyn Jewish family name Bader in the table below. In smaller changes, the name Фрухтер (Frukhter) was adjusted here to the common descendants’ spelling Fruchter, Видеркар (Viderkar) was changed to Widerker/Wiederkehr, and Айзен (Aizen), which appears twice, to Eisen. All of these names appear in the Yizkor Book martyrs list.
Some more significant changes were made here with confidence based on phonetics and known Rohatyn Jewish names. For example, the surname and first name Туртель Тауп (Turtel Taup) was changed to the surname only of Turteltaub, and the surname, first name, and patronymic recorded as Блюмен Райх Герш (Bliumen Raikh Gersh) was changed to Blumenreich Hersh.
However, names which appeared close to Rohatyn family surnames or other common Jewish names, but which would have sounded different in the original Soviet recording process, were left unmodified; an example is Алергард (Alergard), which looks very similar to the known Rohatyn Jewish name Allerhand, but because the sound is different and the r is clearly written in both versions of the Soviet table, we list the name here as Alerhard (with a ? notation to highlight its similarity to a known name).
Counting the Financial Damage
The Soviet investigators were particularly interested in accounting for damage to production and the regional economy; material losses of houses, service buildings, farm and orchard plots, livestock, crops, equipment, merchant and farm inventory, and other assets were separately converted to ruble equivalents and totaled, with the losses assigned to named heads of households. Although occasionally higher, in most cases the damage amounts determined for destroyed buildings were calculated at just under 70 Soviet rubles (SUR) per cubic meter (m^3) of building volume; this was roughly equivalent to US$13/m^3 at then-official exchange rates . Thus the destroyed Barban family building of 960m^3 (probably a large two-story house and shop, based on size) was valued at SUR66,921 or US$12,628 in 1944.
For both Jews and Ukrainians in Rohatyn, often the losses in the “other” category were significantly higher than the listed value of the family home(s), and typically the “other” value was a very round number (e.g. 25,000 or 150,000); it is not clear why. Also, livestock was especially valuable in the Soviet system: a lost cow was valued at 15,000 rubles, comparable to a small house of 25 square meters. Unfortunately, half of the pages of the handwritten table entirely or almost entirely omit any entries in the “other” column, without explanation. Besides omissions, the tables also include errors in recording and in addition, making a full analysis of the financial losses difficult or impossible.
Table: Damage and Thefts by the German Occupiers in Babintsi, Rohatyn, and Ruda
Note: The beginning of this section translates notations written on the cover of the report fragment plus the heading pre-printed on the forms used for the handwritten table covering the city of Rohatyn only. The form heading was not completed except for noting the location as Rohatyn, i.e. no dates or any names of commissioners were written. See the introductory sections above for a description of the names analysis and translation process plus other interpretations of the data presented here. The symbols <***> mean the table text was illegible.
File No. 65
Stanislav oblast, Rohatyn district
Selection in natural order
Register from 1 to 287
Declarations from 1 to 287
Acts from the inventory from 1 to 1356
On 383 sheets
DECLARATION LIST No. 335
Dated _____ 1944. We, the undersigned, the chairman of the commission ______ and members of the commission 1. _____ and 2. _____
made this declaration: a list of the depredation and thefts by the German-fascist occupiers which caused harm to the citizens listed below
in the Stanislav region, Rohatyn district, Rohatyn city.
|No.||Address||Head of Household:|
Surname, Name, Patronymic
|Fate of Family||# |
|11||Babintsi||Drib Mariia Dmytrivna||16356|
|13||Babintsi||Perih Doska Hryhorivna||15638|
|19||Babintsi||Ivantsiv Mykhailo Mykhailovych||5280|
|34||Babintsi||Hilei Anna Mykhailivna||18829|
|46||Rohatyn||Krokopynskyi Volodomyr||4||left area||8365||8365|
|76||Rohatyn||Koval Karl||6||in 1940 in Siberia||33460||33460|
|91||Rohatyn||Königsberg? Sh.||16||all killed||16||62739||100000||162739|
|92||Rohatyn||Ainstok Samuel||6||all killed||6||4183||30000||34183|
|93||Rohatyn||Messing Yuda||M||G||9||all killed||9||8365||50000||58365|
|95||Rohatyn||Shates Baruch||9||all killed||9||8083||15000||23083|
|96||Rohatyn||Bader Moses||M||G||20||all killed||20||31369||150000||181369|
|98||Rohatyn||Gartin Zerik||M||G||9||all killed||9||29278||100000||129278|
|99||Rohatyn||Kisel Mosher||M?||15||all killed||15||25095||50000||75095|
|100||Rohatyn||Bader Samuel||M||G||9||all killed||9||18483||50000||68483|
|101||Rohatyn||Rosenberg Pinkas||M||G||9||all killed||9||10108||25000||35108|
|103||Rohatyn||Szkolnik Levin||M||G||13||12 killed||12||44614||75000||119614|
|104||Rohatyn||Brotleib Moses||9||8 killed||8||27884||50000||77884|
|105||Rohatyn||Fliang Ira||5||all killed||5||5577||25000||30577|
|107||Rohatyn||Karten Leon||M||G||9||all killed||9||52283||25000||77283|
|108||Rohatyn||Galt Wolf||M?||G?||6||all killed||6||34855||150000||184855|
|109||Rohatyn||Weiler Moses||M||20||all killed||20||66922||100000||166922|
|110||Rohatyn||Rosenberg Bankas||M||G||4||all killed||4||4183||25000||29183|
|111||Rohatyn||Kinsberg Schuler||7||all killed||7||58556||50000||108556|
|112||Rohatyn||Landau Yakov||M||G||12||all killed||12||50191||100000||150191|
|113||Rohatyn||Haller Hersh||M||G||13||all killed||13||62739||30000||92739|
|114||Rohatyn||Scharer Izydor||M||G?||12||all killed||12||41826||30000||71826|
|115||Rohatyn||Landau Samuel||M||G||6||all killed||6||27884||40000||67884|
|116||Rohatyn||Scharer Samuel||M||G?||9||all killed||9||27884||25000||52884|
|117||Rohatyn||Fruchter Matilda||M||G||17||all killed||17||11852||20000||31852|
|119||Rohatyn||Reiss Hersh||M||18||all killed||18||65627||300000||365627|
|120||Rohatyn||Fisher Yosef||M||12||all killed||12||41926||150000||191926|
|121||Rohatyn||Rosenstein Kolman||M||G||15||all killed||15||51283||100000||151283|
|122||Rohatyn||Glotzer Ozdin||M||G||15||3 remain||12||33461||100000||133461|
|123||Rohatyn||Kerener Hersh||13||all killed||13||33461||100000||133461|
|124||Rohatyn||Blech Tsira||M||G||5||3 killed||3||33461||25000||58461|
|125||Rohatyn||Braunstein Esther||M?||8||all killed||8||50191||100000||150191|
|126||Rohatyn||Marena Tok||9||all killed||9||41826||100000||141826|
|127||Rohatyn||Horn Enos||M||G||30||all killed||30||153362||100000||253362|
|128||Rohatyn||Liebling Tonia||M||G||28||all killed||28||101920||150000||251920|
|129||Rohatyn||Andermann David||G||30||all killed||30||42840||10000||52840|
|130||Rohatyn||Gotlieb Leib||M||G||85||all killed||85||14000||250000||264000|
|131||Rohatyn||Hochberg Feivish||16||all killed||16||27884||100000||127884|
|135||Rohatyn||Libinesh Herzl||12||all killed||12||19110||10000||29110|
|136||Rohatyn||Gnap Chaim||15||all killed||15||15120||10000||25120|
|142||Rohatyn||Itek Gang||2||1 shot||1||1045||1045|
|179||Rohatyn||Kagelberg Shama||M?||G?||18||all killed||18||28233||200000||228233|
|180||Rohatyn||Bauer Leon||19||all killed||19||19760||10000||29760|
|181||Rohatyn||Alerhard Wolf||M?||10||all killed||10||13942||10000||23942|
|182||Rohatyn||Faust Naftalia||M||G||20||all killed||20||22307||20000||42307|
|183||Rohatyn||Kronberg Chaim||H?||20||all killed||20||18822||20000||38822|
|184||Rohatyn||Kaufman Michael||M||12||all killed||12||8893||10000||18899|
|186||Rohatyn||Tenenbaum T.||M||G||12||all killed||12||25514||100000||125514|
|187||Rohatyn||Shklerling Falik||20||all killed||20||19760||20000||39760|
|188||Rohatyn||Bikel Leizer||18||all killed||18||4183||10000||14183|
|189||Rohatyn||Brik Rachela||M||3||all killed||3||29278||20000||49278|
|190||Rohatyn||Tannenbaum Markus||M||G||15||all killed||15||16033||20000||36033|
|191||Rohatyn||Frenkel Meir||24||all killed||24||62739||20000||82739|
|192||Rohatyn||Blumenreich Hersh||M||G||20||all killed||20||8065||5000||13065|
|193||Rohatyn||Akselrad Max||M||30||all killed||30||41826||10000||51826|
|194||Rohatyn||Kasten Moses||M||G||8||all killed||8||28087||10000||38087|
|195||Rohatyn||Yarosh Aba||M?||45||all killed||45||1149215||100000||1249215|
|196||Rohatyn||Katz Hersh||M||G||12||all killed||12||28087||30000||58087|
|197||Rohatyn||Walker Itzhak||M||24||all killed||24||9411||100000||109411|
|198||Rohatyn||Hauzenbald Hersh||20||all killed||20||20913||30000||50913|
|199||Rohatyn||Eisen Moses||M||G||20||all killed||20||24399||25000||49399|
|201||Rohatyn||Bratspis Hersh||M||G||18||all killed||18||9411||20000||29411|
|202||Rohatyn||Szkolnik Levi||M||G||18||all killed||18||5019||10000||15019|
|212||Ruda||Horodenka Kateryna Hr.||31896|
|213||Ruda||Kroviana Anna Al.||83162|
|214||Ruda||Feduniak Teodor N.||121023|
|219||Ruda||Petriv Anna Teod.||50500|
|220||Ruda||Stakhura Anna Iv.||34000|
|221||Ruda||Danylyshyn Ivan Z.|
|223||Ruda||Doroshenko Teodor Hr.||133188|
|224||Ruda||Huchak Stakh F.||52140|
|225||Ruda||Ostaniv Ivan Mykh.||40345|
|227||Ruda||Vehil Anna Mykhailivna||60724|
|228||Ruda||Okrepka Anna V.||99411|
|229||Ruda||Kontsiuk Mykhailo T.||136707|
|230||Ruda||Statskiv Mykhailo M.||198130|
|231||Ruda||Konchuk Mykhailo Vas.||56459|
|234||Ruda||Mosai Ivan And.||67125|
|236||Ruda||Vereten Mykola P.||126676|
|237||Ruda||Fedunyk Vasyl N.||63216|
|239||Ruda||Doroshenko Ivan In.||96916|
|244||Ruda||Korda Ivan Vas.||46893|
|246||Ruda||Korda Ivan Il.||52725|
|247||Ruda||Yurkiv Anna M.||87685|